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Water-induced thermogenesis

Item Type:Article
Title:Water-induced thermogenesis
Creators Name:Boschmann, M. and Steiniger, J. and Hille, U. and Tank, J. and Adams, F. and Sharma, A.M. and Klaus, S. and Luft, F.C. and Jordan, J.
Abstract:Drinking lots of water is commonly espoused in weight loss regimens and is regarded as healthy; however, few systematic studies address this notion. In 14 healthy, normal-weight subjects (seven men and seven women), we assessed the effect of drinking 500 ml of water on energy expenditure and substrate oxidation rates by using whole-room indirect calorimetry. The effect of water drinking on adipose tissue metabolism was assessed with the microdialysis technique. Drinking 500 ml of water increased metabolic rate by 30%. The increase occurred within 10 min and reached a maximum after 30–40 min. The total thermogenic response was about 100 kJ. About 40% of the thermogenic effect originated from warming the water from 22 to 37 C. In men, lipids mainly fueled the increase in metabolic rate. In contrast, in women carbohydrates were mainly used as the energy source. The increase in energy expenditure with water was diminished with systemic {beta}-adrenoreceptor blockade. Thus, drinking 2 liters of water per day would augment energy expenditure by approximately 400 kJ. Therefore, the thermogenic effect of water should be considered when estimating energy expenditure, particularly during weight loss programs.
Keywords:Adipose Tissue, Adrenergic {beta}-Antagonists, Carbohydrate Metabolism, Drinking, Energy Metabolism, Indirect Calorimetry, Lipid Metabolism, Microdialysis, Reference Values, Respiratory Mechanics, Sex Characteristics, Thermogenesis, Time Factors
Source:Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Publisher:Endocrine Society
Page Range:6015-6019
Date:December 2003
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2003-030780
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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