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Nuclear YB-1 expression as a negative prognostic marker in nonsmall cell lung cancer

Item Type:Article
Title:Nuclear YB-1 expression as a negative prognostic marker in nonsmall cell lung cancer
Creators Name:Gessner, C. and Woischwill, C. and Schumacher, A. and Liebers, U. and Kuhn, H. and Stiehl, P. and Juerchott, K. and Royer, H.D. and Witt, C. and Wolff, G.
Abstract:The human Y-box binding protein, YB-1, is a multifunctional protein that regulates gene expression. Nuclear expression of YB-1 has been associated with chemoresistance and poor prognosis of tumour patients. Representative samples from autopsied material of primary tumours from 77 patients with NSCLC were investigated by immunohistochemistry for subcellular distribution of YB-1 and p53, in order to evaluate the prognostic role of nuclear expression of YB-1. Cytoplasmic YB-1 expression was found in all tumour samples, whereas nuclear expression was only observed in 48%. There was no correlation with histological classification, clinical parameters or tumour size, stage and metastasis status. However, patients with positive nuclear YB-1 expression in tumours showed reduced survival times when compared with patients without nuclear expression. Including information about the histology and mutational status for p53 increased the prognostic value of nuclear YB-1. Patients with nuclear YB-1 expression and p53 mutations had the worst prognosis (median survival 3 months), while best outcome was found in patients with no nuclear YB-1 and wildtype p53 (median survival 15 months). This suggests that the combined analysis of both markers allows a better identification of subgroups with varying prognosis. Nuclear expression of Y-box binding protien seems to be an independent prognostic marker.
Keywords:Molecular Diagnosis, Prognosis, Survival, Tumour staging, Y-box binding protein
Source:European Respiratory Journal
Publisher:European Respiratory Society Journals Ltd
Page Range:14-19
Date:1 January 2004
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1183/09031936.03.00033203
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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