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Double vitrification of rat embryos at different developmental stages using an identical protocol

Item Type:Article
Title:Double vitrification of rat embryos at different developmental stages using an identical protocol
Creators Name:Isachenko, V. and Folch, J. and Isachenko, E. and Nawroth, F. and Krivokharchenko, A. and Vajta, G. and Dattena, M. and Alabart, J.L.
Abstract:The aim of the present investigation was to test the effectiveness of a method of vitrifying rat embryos at different stages of development (from early morula to expanding blastocyst) in a double vitrification procedure. Wistar rat embryos were vitrified and warmed in super-fine open-pulled straws (SOPS). Before being plunged into liquid nitrogen, the embryos were exposed to 40% ethylene glycol + 0.75 M sucrose in TCM-199 + 20% fetal calf serum (FCS) for 20 s at 38°C. Subsequent warming and direct rehydration of the embryos was conducted in culture medium (TCM-199 + 20% FCS) at 38°C. Early morula stage (7-10 blastomeres) embryos (n = 358) were vitrified, warmed and cultured in vitro (EM group). Batches of these embryos were then cryopreserved again (revitrified) at the early blastocyst (EB group, n = 87), blastocyst (B group, n = 93) or expanding blastocyst stage (ExpB group, n = 73). After the first (EM group) and repeated (EB, B, and ExpB groups) vitrification procedures, developmental rates of 81, 83, 34 and 76%, respectively were achieved (for EM-EB-ExpB P > 0.1; for EM, EB, ExpB-B P < 0.005). Our data demonstrate the possibility of using the described identical protocol for the SOPS vitrification of rat early morulae, early blastocysts and expanding blastocysts. The low survival rate of blastocysts subjected to double vitrification requires further investigation.
Keywords:Different Developmental Stages, Double Vitrification, Embryo, Animals, Rats
Publisher:Elsevier Science Inc (U.S.A.)
Page Range:445-452
Date:August 2003
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0093-691X(03)00039-6
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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