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Nonmuscle myosin motor of smooth muscle

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Item Type:Article
Title:Nonmuscle myosin motor of smooth muscle
Creators Name:Loefgren, M. and Ekblad, E. and Morano, I. and Arner, A.
Abstract:Nonmuscle myosin can generate force and shortening in smooth muscle, as revealed by studies of the urinary bladder from mice lacking smooth muscle myosin heavy chain (SM-MHC) but expressing the nonmuscle myosin heavy chains A and B (NM-MHC A and B; Morano, I., G.X. Chai, L.G. Baltas, V. Lamounier-Zepter, G. Lutsch, M. Kott, H. Haase, and M. Bader. 2000. Nat. Cell Biol. 2:371-375). Intracellular calcium was measured in urinary bladders from SM-MHC-deficient and SM-MHC-expressing mice in relaxed and contracted states. Similar intracellular [Ca2+] transients were observed in the two types of preparations, although the contraction of SM-MHC-deficient bladders was slow and lacked an initial peak in force. The difference in contraction kinetics thus do not reflect differences in calcium handling. Thick filaments were identified with electron microscopy in smooth muscle cells of SM-MHC-deficient bladders, showing that NM-MHC can form filaments in smooth muscle cells. Maximal shortening velocity of maximally activated, skinned smooth muscle preparations from SM-MHC-deficient mice was significantly lower and more sensitive to increased MgADP compared with velocity of SM-MHC-expressing preparations. Active force was significantly lower and less inhibited by increased inorganic phosphate. In conclusion, large differences in nucleotide and phosphate binding exist between smooth and nonmuscle myosins. High ADP binding and low phosphate dependence of nonmuscle myosin would influence both velocity of actin translocation and force generation to promote slow motility and economical force maintenance of the cell.
Keywords:Nonmuscle myosin, Urinary bladder, ATP, ADP, Phosphate, Animals, Mice
Source:Journal of General Physiology
ISSN:0022-1295
Publisher:Journal of General Physiology
Volume:121
Number:4
Page Range:301-310
Date:31 March 2003
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1085/jgp.200208720
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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