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Activation of the cardiac renin-angiotensin system and increased myocardial collagen expression in human aortic valve disease

Item Type:Article
Title:Activation of the cardiac renin-angiotensin system and increased myocardial collagen expression in human aortic valve disease
Creators Name:Fielitz, J. and Hein, S. and Mitrovic, V. and Pregla, R. and Zurbruegg, H.R. and Warnecke, C. and Schaper, J. and Fleck, E. and Regitz-Zagrosek, V.
Abstract:OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine whether the cardiac renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is activated in human aortic valve disease depending on left ventricular function, and we analyzed the concomitant regulation of the extracellular matrix components. BACKGROUND: In animal models with pressure or volume load, activation of the cardiac RAS increases fibrosis. In human aortic valve disease, the ventricular collagen protein content is increased, but only scarce data on the activation state of the cardiac RAS and its effects on collagen and fibronectin messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) are available. METHODS: In left ventricular biopsies from patients with aortic valve stenosis (AS) and aortic valve regurgitation and from control subjects, we quantitated mRNAs for angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), chymase, transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1), collagen I, collagen III and fibronectin by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. Proteins were localized by immunohistochemistry; ACE activity was determined by high performance liquid chromatography; and TGF-beta protein by quantitative enzyme immunoassay. RESULTS: Protein, ACE and TGF-beta1 mRNA were significantly increased in patients with AS and AR (1.5- to 2.1-fold) and correlated with each other. The increase occurred also in patients with normal systolic function. Collagen I and III and fibronectin mRNAs were both upregulated about twofold in patients with AS and AR. In AS, collagen and fibronectin mRNA expression levels were positively correlated with left ventricular end-diastolic pressure and inversely with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). CONCLUSIONS: In human hearts, pressure and volume overload increases cardiac ACE and TGF-beta1 in the early stages. This activation of the cardiac RAS may contribute to the observed increase in collagen I and III and fibronectin mRNA expression. The increase in extracellular matrix already exists in patients with a normal LVEF, and it increases with functional impairment.
Keywords:Aortic Valve Insufficiency, Aortic Valve Stenosis, Collagen, Fibronectins, Gene Expression, Messenger RNA, Myocardium, Renin-Angiotensin System, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction, Stroke Volume, Up-Regulation
Source:Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Page Range:1443-1449
Date:April 2001
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0735-1097(01)01170-6
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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