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Membrane expression of proteinase 3 is genetically determined

Item Type:Article
Title:Membrane expression of proteinase 3 is genetically determined
Creators Name:Schreiber, A. and Busjahn, A. and Luft, F.C. and Kettritz, R.
Abstract:Isolated human neutrophils exhibit a bimodal membrane proteinase 3 (PR3) expression. PR3 is the main target antigen in Wegener granulomatosis (WG). Cells with low expression can be easily distinguished from cell subsets with high expression. In a recent study, a large neutrophil subset expressing membrane PR3 (mPR3+) was a risk factor for systemic ANCA-associated vasculitis. PR3 membrane expression patterns are quite stable in a given individual, raising the possibility of genetic variance. The aims of this study were: (1) to investigate the association of mPR3 expression and the risk of WG in an independent German cohort; (2) to test the hypothesis that mPR3 expression on neutrophils is genetically influenced; and (3) to investigate whether or not mPR3 expression is a function of intracellular PR3 content. mPR3 expression was assessed by FACS analysis in isolated human neutrophils. Neutrophil mPR3 expression was studied in 35 patients with WG, 15 patients with other inflammatory diseases, 125 healthy volunteers, and 27 (15 monozygotic and 12 dizygotic) pairs of twins. The intracellular PR3 content was assessed by intracellular flow cytometry and by Western blotting after separating mPR3 low and high expressing cells by FACSort. FACS analysis in a subset of 16 healthy subjects showed a highly conserved PR3 phenotype in two independent investigations >12 mo apart (r = 0.937). Patients with WG demonstrated a significantly higher percentage of mPR3+ neutrophils than healthy controls and patients with other inflammatory diseases. The mPR3+ percentage was highly correlated in MZ twins (r = 0.99) compared with DZ twins (r = 0.06). The intracellular PR3 content was not different in persons with low or high mPR3 expression, nor was the PR3 content different in cells with low or high mPR3 expression within a given individual. These data indicate that WG patients have a higher percentage of mPR3-expressing neutrophils. Furthermore, mPR3 expression is influenced by genetic variance. Finally, mPR3 expression is independent of intracellular PR3 content. E-mail kettritz@fvk-berlin.de
Keywords:Cohort Studies, Dizygotic Twins, Enzymologic Gene Expression Regulation, Genetic Variation, Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis, Intracellular Membranes, Monozygotic Twins, Myeloblastin, Neutrophils, Phenotype, Risk Factors, Serine Endopeptidases
Source:Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
ISSN:1046-6673
Publisher:American Society of Nephrology (U.S.A.)
Volume:14
Number:1
Page Range:68-75
Date:1 January 2003
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ASN.0000040751.83734.D1
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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