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Endothelin-converting enzyme inhibition ameliorates angiotensin II-induced cardiac damage

Item Type:Article
Title:Endothelin-converting enzyme inhibition ameliorates angiotensin II-induced cardiac damage
Creators Name:Muller, D.N. and Mullally, A. and Dechend, R. and Park, J.K. and Fiebeler, A. and Pilz, B. and Loeffler, B.M. and Blum-Kaelin, D. and Masur, S. and Dehmlow, H. and Aebi, J.D. and Haller, H. and Luft, F.C.
Abstract:We tested the hypothesis that endothelin-converting enzyme (ECE) inhibition ameliorates end-organ damage in rats harboring both human renin and human angiotensinogen genes (dTGR). Hypertension develops in the animals, and they die by age 7 weeks of heart and kidney failure. Three groups were studied: dTGR (n= 12) receiving vehicle, dTGR receiving ECE inhibitor (RO0687629; 30 mg/kg by gavage; n=10), and Sprague-Dawley control rats (SD; n=10) receiving vehicle, all after week 4, with euthanasia at week 7. Systolic blood pressure was not reduced by ECE inhibitor compared with dTGR (205 ± 6 versus 206 ± 6 mm Hg at week 7, respectively). In contrast, ECE inhibitor treatment significantly reduced mortality rate to 20% (2 of 10), whereas untreated dTGR had a 52% mortality rate (7 of 12). ECE inhibitor treatment ameliorated cardiac damage and reduced left ventricular ECE activity below SD levels. Echocar-diography at week 7 showed reduced cardiac hypertrophy (4.8±0.2 versus 5.7±0.2 mg/g, P<0.01) and increased left ventricular cavity diameter (5.5±0.3 versus 3.1±0.1 ]mm, P<0.001) and filling volume (0.42±0.04 versus 0.16±0.06 mL, P<0.05) after ECE inhibitor compared with untreated dTGR. ECE inhibitor treatment also reduced cardiac fibrosis, tissue factor expression, left ventricular basic fibroblast growth factor mRNA levels, and immunostaining in the vessel wall, independent of high blood pressure. In contrast, the ECE inhibitor treatment showed no renoprotective effect. These data are the first to show that ECE inhibition reduces angiotensin II-induced cardiac damage.
Keywords:Angiotensin II, Enzymes, Fibrosis, Hypertrophy, Animals, Rats
Source:Hypertension
ISSN:0194-911X
Publisher:American Heart Association (U.S.A.)
Volume:40
Number:6
Page Range:840-846
Date:December 2002
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1161/01.HYP.0000039748.88581.A0
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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