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Pigmentary mosaicism of the hyperpigmented type in two half-brothers

Item Type:Article
Title:Pigmentary mosaicism of the hyperpigmented type in two half-brothers
Creators Name:Horn, D. and Happle, R. and Neitzel, H. and Kunze, J.
Abstract:Pigmentary mosaicism is a heterogeneous cutaneous phenotype that is often associated with extracutaneous anomalies. It is widely accepted that these phenotypes arise de novo as a result of a postzygotic mutation, leading to a mosaic status of the embryo. In the vast majority of cases, the occurrence of pigmentary mosaicism is sporadic. We report two paternal half-brothers affected with pigmentary mosaicism of the hyperpigmented type. The hyperpigmentation in both patients is distributed along the lines of Blaschko. In addition, mental retardation, facial asymmetry, short stature, scoliosis, and short fingers with clinodactyly of the 5th digit were noted in one of them. Chromosome analysis in this 15-year-old patient demonstrated a mosaic 46, XY, dup(3)(p21.3;p-ter)/46,XY with 12% aberrant cells in lymphocytes and 2% in skin fibroblasts derived from a hyperpigmented area. His nine-year-old half-brother had similar systematized hyperpigmented skin lesions, macrocephaly, facial asymmetry, and clinodactyly of the 5th digit. Chromosome analysis of peripheral lymphocytes showed a normal karyotype 46,XY. A skin biopsy could not be obtained. So far, some familial cases of hypopigmentation along the lines of Blaschko have been reported, but familial occurrence of the hyperpigmented type of pigmentary mosaicism appears to be extremely unusual. It is difficult to establish a causal relationship with the chromosomal mosaicism as observed in patient 1. Paradominant transmission seems unlikely because this would likewise imply that the chromosomal mosaicism is an incidental finding.
Keywords:Pigmentary Dysplasia, Hypomelanosis of Ito, Heterogeneity, Chromosomal Mosaicism
Source:American Journal of Medical Genetics
Page Range:65-69
Date:15 September 2002
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.10600
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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