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Postischemic acute renal failure is reduced by short-term statin treatment in a rat model

Item Type:Article
Title:Postischemic acute renal failure is reduced by short-term statin treatment in a rat model
Creators Name:Gueler, F. and Rong, S. and Park, J.K. and Fiebeler, A. and Menne, J. and Elger, M. and Mueller, D.N. and Hampich, F. and Dechend, R. and Kunter, U. and Luft, F.C. and Haller, H.
Abstract:Postischemic acute renal failure (ARF) is common and often fatal. Cellular mechanisms include cell adhesion, cell infiltration and generation of oxygen free radicals, and inflammatory cytokine production. Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (“statins”) directly influence inflammatory mechanisms. The hypothesis that ischemia-induced ARF could be ameliorated with statin treatment was investigated and possible molecular mechanisms were analyzed in a uninephrectomized rat model. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were pretreated with cerivastatin (0.5 mg/kg) or vehicle for 3 d. Ischemic ARF was induced by left renal artery clipping for 45 min, while the right kidney was being removed. After 24 h of ARF, serum creatinine levels were increased 7.5-fold in vehicle-treated control animals with ARF, compared with sham-operated animals (P < 0.005). Statin treatment reduced the creatinine level elevation by 40% (P < 0.005). Simultaneously, ischemia-induced severe decreases in GFR were significantly ameliorated by statin treatment (sham operation, 0.95 ± 0.09 ml/min, n = 13; ischemia without treatment, 0.06 ± 0.02 ml/min, n = 9; ischemia with statin pretreatment, 0.21 ± 0.03 ml/min, n = 11; P < 0.001). Furthermore, statin pretreatment prevented the occurrence of tubular necrosis, with marked loss of the brush border, tubular epithelial cell detachment, and tubular obstruction in the S3 segment of the outer medullary stripe. In addition, monocyte and macrophage infiltration was almost completely prevented, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 upregulation was greatly decreased, and inducible nitric oxide synthase expression was reduced. Fibronectin and collagen IV expression was reduced, approaching levels observed in sham-operated animals. In vehicle-treated rats with ARF, mitogen-activated protein kinase extracellular activated kinase-1/2 activity was increased and the transcription factors nuclear factor-{kappa}B and activator protein-1 were activated. Statin treatment reduced this activation toward levels observed in sham-operated rats. The data suggest that hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibition protects renal tissue from the effects of ischemia-reperfusion injury and thus reduces the severity of ARF. The chain of events may involve anti-inflammatory effects, with inhibition of mitogen-activated protein kinase activation and the redox-sensitive transcription factors nuclear factor-{kappa}B and activator protein-1.
Keywords:Acute Kidney Injury, Animal Disease Models, Fibronectins, Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors, Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1, Ischemia, Kidney Glomerulus, Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1, Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3, Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases, NF-{kappa} B, Nitric Oxide Synthase, Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II, Pyridines, Sprague-Dawley Rats, Animals, Rats
Source:Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Publisher:American Society of Nephrology
Page Range:2288-2298
Date:1 September 2002
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ASN.0000026609.45827.3D
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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