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Habitual fat intake and basal fat oxidation in obese and non-obese Caucasians

Item Type:Article
Title:Habitual fat intake and basal fat oxidation in obese and non-obese Caucasians
Creators Name:Kunz, I. and Schorr, U. and Roemmling, K. and Klaus, S. and Sharma, A.M.
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between habitual fat intake and basal fat oxidation in obese and non-obese Caucasian men and women. METHODS: Habitual fat intake was assessed by 7-day weighed dietary records and resting fat oxidation was determined after an overnight fast in 132 weight stable non-diabetic subjects (38 males, 94 females). All subjects were characterized for weight, height, waist-to-hip ratio, physical activity, plasma glucose and insulin response to an oral glucose load, plasma catecholamine and leptin levels. Under-reporters, defined according to plausibility of the relationship between energy expenditure and energy intake, were excluded from the analyses. RESULTS: The mean age was 53.1+/-10.6 y (19-72 y) and mean body mass index (BMI) was 30.7+/-5.8 kg/m(2) (19.4-45.8 kg/m(2)). Sixty-eight subjects were obese (BMI>30 kg/m(2)). Univariate regression analysis revealed a significant, albeit modest, relationship between absolute fat intake and BMI (r(2)=0.06; P<or=0.05) but not between fat intake and fat mass (r(2)=0.026; P=0.08). However, multiple regression analysis revealed significant effects of body fat mass (FM) and sex on basal fat oxidation (bFO) explaining 33% of the variation of bFO (P<or=0.0001; radical s.e.=18.0 g/24 h). In univariate regression analysis, habitual fat intake was significantly related to adjusted fat oxidation, explaining 12% of the variation (P<or=0.0001; radical s.e.=11.7 g/24 h). CONCLUSION: Habitual fat intake has a significant, albeit modest, effect on basal fat oxidation, even when adjusted for sex and body FM. The rather modest effect of habitual fat intake on fat oxidation may in part explain the increased propensity to gain FM on a high-fat diet.
Keywords:Energy Expenditure, Habiatual Dietary Fat Intake, Under-Reporting, Fat Oxidation, Physical Activity Level, Dietary Records, Fat Mass
Source:International Journal of Obesity
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
Page Range:150-156
Date:February 2002
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1038/sj/ijo/0801869
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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