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Prospective comparison of endorectal ultrasound, three-dimensional endorectal ultrasound, and endorectal MRI in the preoperative evaluation of rectal tumors. Preliminary results

Item Type:Article
Title:Prospective comparison of endorectal ultrasound, three-dimensional endorectal ultrasound, and endorectal MRI in the preoperative evaluation of rectal tumors. Preliminary results
Creators Name:Huenerbein, M. and Pegios, W. and Rau, B. and Vogl, T.J. and Felix, R. and Schlag, P.M.
Abstract:Background: The aim of this study was to compare the value of endorectal ultrasound (EUS), three-dimensional (3D) EUS, and endorectal MRI in the preoperative staging of rectal neoplasms. Methods: Thirty consecutive patients with rectal tumors were assessed by EUS and endorectal MRI. Additionally, three-dimensional ultrasound was performed in a subgroup of 25 patients. EUS data were obtained with a bifocal multiplane transducer (10 MHz) and processed on a 3D ultrasound workstation. MR imaging was carried out with a 1.5 T superconducting unit using an endorectal surface coil. Results: EUS was carried out successfully in all 30 patients, whereas endorectal MRI was not feasible in two patients. Compared with the histopathological classification, EUS and endorectal MRI correctly determined the tumor infiltration depth in 25 of 30 and 28 patients, respectively. The comparative accuracy of EUS, 3D EUS, and endorectal MRI in predicting tumor invasion was 84%, 88%, and 91%, respectively. EUS, three-dimensional EUS, and endorectal MRI enabled us to assess the lymph node status correctly in 25, 25, and 24 patients, respectively. Both three-dimensional EUS and endorectal MRI combined high-resolution imaging and multiplanar display options. Assessment of additional scan planes facilitated the interpretation of the findings and improved the understanding of the three-dimensional anatomy. Conclusion: The accuracy of three-dimensional EUS and endorectal MRI in the assessment of the infiltration depth of rectal cancer is comparable to conventional EUS. One advantage of both methods is the ability to obtain multiplanar images, which may be helpful for the planning of surgery in the future.
Keywords:Endorectal Ultrasound, Three-Dimensional Endorectal Ultrasound, Rectal Cancer, Staging, Endorectal MR Imaging, Surface Coil, Cancer
Source:Surgical Endoscopy
ISSN:0930-2794
Publisher:Springer (Germany)
Volume:14
Number:11
Page Range:1005-1009
Date:November 2000
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1007/s004640000345
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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