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Myopathy-dependent changes in activity of ATPase, SDH and GPDH and NOS expression in the different fibre types of hamster muscles

Item Type:Article
Title:Myopathy-dependent changes in activity of ATPase, SDH and GPDH and NOS expression in the different fibre types of hamster muscles
Creators Name:Punkt, K. and Zaitsev, S. and Wellner, M. and Schreiter, T. and Fitzl, G. and Buchwalow, I.B.
Abstract:Proximal (vastus lateralis) and distal (gastrocnemius) muscles of 100-day-old normal and myopathic BIO TO-2 hamsters were analysed to study the effects of myopathy on the different muscle fibre types: SO (slow oxidative), FOG (fast oxidative glycolytic) and FG (fast glycolytic). Cytophotometric measurements of enzyme activities (myofibrillic adenosine triphosphatase, succinate dehydrogenase and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase), Western blot analysis of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) I, II, III isoforms and NOS II immunohistochemistry were performed. The following alterations were found in myopathic muscle fibres: all fibre types of both proximal and distal myopathic muscles showed decreased myofibrillic adenosine triphosphatase activity indicating depressed contractility. This was associated with depressed oxidative activity of the muscle fibres. A shift to more glycolytic metabolism was observed, mainly in FG fibres of proximal muscle. We found an increased NOS II expression in both myopathic muscle types investigated. It means that increased NO production inhibits force generation in myopathic muscle. NOS II immunoreactivity was found mainly in the cytoplasm of FG fibres. NOS I and NOS III expression was not significantly effected by this form of myopathy. Our findings demonstrate that muscle fibres of proximal and distal skeletal muscles of 100-day-old cardiomyopathic BIO TO-2 hamsters are altered with respect to contractility, metabolism and NOS II expression. FG fibres of the proximal muscle were effected most strongly.
Keywords:Cytophotometry, Glycerol-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase, Myofibrillic Adenosine Triphosphatase, Myopathic Hamsters, NOS Isoenzymes, Skeletal Muscle Fibres, Succinate Dehydrogenase
Source:Acta Histochemica
Page Range:15-22
Date:1 January 2002
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1078/0065-1281-00628
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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