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Oxidized and reduced Azotobacter vinelandii ferredoxin I at 1.4 A resolution: conformational change of surface residues without significant change in the [3Fe-4S]+/0 cluster

Item Type:Article
Title:Oxidized and reduced Azotobacter vinelandii ferredoxin I at 1.4 A resolution: conformational change of surface residues without significant change in the [3Fe-4S]+/0 cluster
Creators Name:Schipke, C.G. and Goodin, D.B. and McRee, D.E. and Stout, C.D.
Abstract:The refined structure of reduced Azotobacter vinelandii 7Fe ferredoxin FdI at 100 K and 1.4 A resolution is reported, permitting comparison of [3Fe-4S]+ and [3Fe-4S]0 clusters in the same protein at near atomic resolution. The reduced state of the [3Fe-4S]0 cluster is established by single-crystal EPR following data collection. Redundant structures are refined to establish the reproducibility and accuracy of the results for both oxidation states. The structure of the [4Fe-4S]2+ cluster in four independently determined FdI structures is the same within the range of derived standard uncertainties, providing an internal control on the experimental methods and the refinement results. The structures of the [3Fe-4S]+ and [3Fe-4S]0 clusters are also the same within experimental error, indicating that the protein may be enforcing an entatic state upon this cluster, facilitating electron-transfer reactions. The structure of the FdI [3Fe-4S]0 cluster allows direct comparison with the structure of a well-characterized [Fe3S4]0 synthetic analogue compound. The [3Fe-4S]0 cluster displays significant distortions with respect to the [Fe3S4]0 analogue, further suggesting that the observed [3Fe-4S]+/0 geometry in FdI may represent an entatic state. Comparison of oxidized and reduced FdI reveals conformational changes at the protein surface in response to reduction of the [3Fe-4S]+/0 cluster. The carboxyl group of Asp15 rotates ∼90°, Lys84, a residue hydrogen bonded to Asp15, adopts a single conformation, and additional H2O molecules become ordered. These structural changes imply a mechanism for H+ transfer to the [3Fe-4S]0 cluster in agreement with electrochemical and spectroscopic results.
Keywords:Azotobacter vinelandii, Chemical Models, Crystallization, Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy, Electron Transport, Ferredoxins, Hydrogen Bonding, Iron, Molecular Models, Oxidation-Reduction, Protein Conformation, Protons, Sulfur, Surface Properties, X-Ray Crystallography
Source:Biochemistry
ISSN:0006-2960
Publisher:American Chemical Society (U.S.A.)
Volume:38
Number:26
Page Range:8228-8239
Date:29 June 1999
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1021/bi983008i
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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