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Effective biomodulation by leucovorin of high-dose infusion fluorouracil given as a weekly 24-hour infusion: results of a randomized trial in patients with advanced colorectal cancer

Item Type:Article
Title:Effective biomodulation by leucovorin of high-dose infusion fluorouracil given as a weekly 24-hour infusion: results of a randomized trial in patients with advanced colorectal cancer
Creators Name:Koehne, C.H. and Schoeffski, P. and Wilke, H. and Kaeufer, C. and Andreesen, R. and Ohl, U. and Klaasen, U. and Westerhausen, M. and Hiddemann, W. and Schott, G. and Harstick, A. and Bade, J. and Horster, A. and Schubert, U. and Hecker, H. and Doerken, B. and Schmoll, H.J.
Abstract:PURPOSE: To determine whether high-dose infusional fluorouracil (FU) is effectively modulated by leucovorin (LV), interferon (IFN) alpha-2b, or both when given to patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients (n = 236) with progressive, measurable disease were randomized to three groups and received FU 2,600 mg/m2 as a 24-hour continuous infusion (CI) weekly for 6 weeks with 2 weeks rest (FU24h) and LV 500 mg/m2 as a 2-hour infusion before FU or IFN 3 x 10(6) U subcutaneously 3 times weekly or both. Treatment continued until progressive disease or unacceptable toxicity was observed. Pairs of treatment arms were analyzed sequentially to detect equivalence or a 25% difference in response rates. RESULTS: The rate of objective remission in patients who received FU24h/LV (44%; 40 of 91) was significantly higher than in patients who received FU24h/IFN (18%; 16 of 90; P < .05). The response rates of patients who received FU24h/LV versus FU24h/LV/IFN (27%; 13 of 49) were statistically equivalent. Significant differences were observed for time to tumor progression (TTP) (FU24h/LV, 7.1 months; FU24h/IFN, 3.9 months; FU24h/LV/IFN, 6.3 months; global P value < .009) and survival (16.6 months, 12.7 months, 19.6 months, respectively; global P value < .04). Unpredictable and life-threatening toxicity in the FU24h/LV/IFN arm required dose reduction of FU to 2,000 mg/m2/day and early stoppage of this arm. Toxicity was manageable in patients who received both FU24h/LV (grade 3 to 4 diarrhea, 21%) and FU24h/IFN (grade 3 to 4 diarrhea, 15%). CONCLUSION: Response rate, TTP, and overall survival were superior for LV-containing regimens compared with IFN modulation alone. The addition of IFN to high-dose infusional FU plus LV offers no advantage and may increase toxicity. The regimen of high-dose infusional FU24h/LV warrants further evaluation in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer.
Keywords:Antineoplastic Antimetabolites, Colorectal Neoplasms, Disease Progression, Drug Administration Schedule, Fluorouracil, Immunologic Factors, Intravenous Infusions, Interferon Alfa-2b, Leucovorin, Prospective Studies, Survival Rate
Source:Journal of Clinical Oncology
ISSN:0732-183X
Publisher:American Society of Clinical Oncology (U.S.A.)
Volume:16
Number:2
Page Range:418-426
Date:February 1998
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1200/JCO.1998.16.2.418
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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