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Locally synthesized angiotensin modulates pineal melatonin generation

Item Type:Article
Title:Locally synthesized angiotensin modulates pineal melatonin generation
Creators Name:Baltatu, O. and Afeche, S.C. and dos Santos, S.H.J. and Campos, L.A. and Barbosa, R. and Michelini, L.C. and Bader, M. and Cipolla-Neto, J.
Abstract:We aimed to study the mechanisms and the significance of the influence exerted by the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) on the pineal melatonin production. Pineal melatonin and other indoles were determined by HPLC with electrochemical detection after angiotensin AT1-receptor blockade with Losartan in vivo or in cultured glands. N-acetyltransferase (NAT) activity was radiometricaly measured. To test the in vivo relevance of the local RAS, pineal melatonin and its indole precursors were determined in transgenic rats with inhibited production of angiotensinogen exclusively in astrocytes, TGR(ASrAOGEN). Tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) and NAT mRNA levels were determined by real-time RT-PCR. Pineal melatonin content was significantly decreased by AT1-receptor blockade in vivo, in cultured glands and in TGR(ASrAOGEN) (35%, 32.4% and 17.5% from control, respectively). Losartan produced a significant decrease of pineal 5-hydroxytryptophan, serotonin, 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid and N-acetylserotonin in pineal cultures. Also, the pineal content of the precursor indoles in TGR(ASrAOGEN) rats was significantly lowered. The reduction of 5-hydroxyhyptophan levels by 33-75% in both in vivo and in vitro studies suggests a decreased activity of TPH. Moreover, the TPH mRNA levels in TGR(ASrAOGEN) rats were significantly lower than control rats. On the other hand, NAT activity was unaffected by Losartan in pineal culture and its expression was not significantly different from control in TGR(ASrAOGEN) rats. Our results demonstrate that a local pineal RAS exerts a tonic modulation of indole synthesis by influencing the activity of TPH via AT1-receptors.
Keywords:Indoles, Melatonin, Pineal Gland, Reninangiotensin System, Tryptophan Hydroxylase, Animals, Rats
Source:Journal of Neurochemistry
ISSN:0022-3042
Publisher:Blackwell Publishing (U.K.)
Volume:80
Number:2
Page Range:328-334
Date:1 January 2002
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1046/j.0022-3042.2001.00701.x
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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