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Alternative use of a mini exon of the L1 gene affects L1 binding to neural ligands

Item Type:Article
Title:Alternative use of a mini exon of the L1 gene affects L1 binding to neural ligands
Creators Name:De Angelis, E. and Bruemmendorf, T. and Cheng, L. and Lemmon, V. and Kenwrick, S.
Abstract:Neural cell adhesion molecule L1 is a cell surface glycoprotein required for the correct development of the nervous system. L1 exists as two isoforms encoded by mRNA species that either collectively incorporate or exclude exons 2 and 27. Neurons utilize only the full-length isoform, whereas Schwann cells, kidney cells, and blood lymphocytes only express the short form of L1. Still other cells, oligodendrocytes, regulate L1 isoform expression in a maturation-dependent manner. The RSLE motif encoded by exon 27 is known to have a role in clathrin-mediated endocytosis of L1, but the function of the exon 2-encoded motif (YEGHHV) is unknown. Here we show that this motif is required for the optimal binding of L1 to several neural ligands and is likely to be important for nervous system development. Thus, alternative use of exon 2 is a mechanism for regulating ligand interactions with L1.
Source:Journal of Biological Chemistry
ISSN:0021-9258
Publisher:American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (U.S.A.)
Volume:276
Number:35
Page Range:32738-32742
Date:1 January 2001
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M105156200
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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