Helmholtz Gemeinschaft

Search
Browse
Statistics
Feeds

Two splice variants of the Wilms' tumor 1 gene have distinct functions during sex determination and nephron formation

Item Type:Article
Title:Two splice variants of the Wilms' tumor 1 gene have distinct functions during sex determination and nephron formation
Creators Name:Hammes, A. and Guo, J.K. and Lutsch, G. and Leheste, J.R. and Landrock, D. and Ziegler, U. and Gubler, M.C. and Schedl, A.
Abstract:Alternative splicing of Wt1 results in the insertion or omission of the three amino acids KTS between zinc fingers 3 and 4. In vitro experiments suggest distinct molecular functions for + and -KTS isoforms. We have generated mouse strains in which specific isoforms have been removed. Heterozygous mice with a reduction of +KTS levels develop glomerulosclerosis and represent a model for Frasier syndrome. Homozygous mutants of both strains die after birth due to kidney defects. Strikingly, mice lacking +KTS isoforms show a complete XY sex reversal due to a dramatic reduction of Sry expression levels. Our data demonstrate distinct functions for the two splice variants and place the +KTS variants as important regulators for Sry in the sex determination pathway.
Keywords:Cell Nucleus Active Transport, Alternative Splicing, Apoptosis, Cell Survival, DAX-1 Orphan Nuclear Receptor, DNA-Binding Proteins, Exons, Wilms Tumor Genes, Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis, Gonads, Mutagenesis, Nephrons, Nuclear Proteins, Protein Isoforms, RNA Splice Sites, Messenger RNA, Retinoic Acid Receptors, Repressor Proteins, Sex Determination (Genetics), Gonadal Sex Reversal, Sex-Determining Region Y Protein, Syndrome, Transcription Factors, WT1 Proteins, Animals, Mice
Source:Cell
ISSN:0092-8674
Publisher:Cell Press (U.S.A.)
Volume:106
Number:3
Page Range:319-329
Date:10 August 2001
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0092-8674(01)00453-6
PubMed:View item in PubMed

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Open Access
MDC Library