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Overexpression of sialyltransferase CMP-sialic Acid : Galbeta1,3GalNAc-R alpha6-sialyltransferase is related to poor patient survival in human colorectal carcinomas

Item Type:Article
Title:Overexpression of sialyltransferase CMP-sialic Acid : Galbeta1,3GalNAc-R alpha6-sialyltransferase is related to poor patient survival in human colorectal carcinomas
Creators Name:Schneider, F. and Kemmner, W. and Haensch, W. and Franke, G. and Gretschel, S. and Karsten, U. and Schlag, P.M.
Abstract:Thomsen-Friedenreich (TF)-related blood group antigens, such as TF, Tn, and their sialylated variants, belong to a family of tumor-associated carbohydrates. The aim of the present study was to examine tumor-associated alterations of glycosyltransferases involved in the biosynthesis of the TF glycotope in colorectal carcinomas. To this end, glycosyltransferase expression was examined in 40 cases of colorectal carcinoma specimens classified according to the WHO/Union International Contre Cancer guidelines and in "normal" mucosa of the same patients. Occurrence of TF glycotope was examined by immunohistochemistry with the monoclonal antibody A78-G/A7. Expression of sialyltransferases CMP-sialic acid:Galbeta1,3GalNAc-R alpha3-sialyltransferase I and II (ST3Gal-I and ST3Gal-II) and CMP-sialic acid:Galbeta1,3GalNAc-R alpha6-sialyltransferase (ST6GalNAc-II) and of core 2 beta1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase was determined by reverse transcription-PCR in the same cryostat sections used for immunohistochemistry. Additionally, alpha2,3-sialyltransferase enzyme activity was studied in each of these tissues. The TF glycotope was detected in 7% of the normal mucosa, but in 57% of the carcinoma samples. Expression of alpha2,3-sialyltransferases ST3Gal-I, ST3Gal-II, and enzyme activity of alpha2,3-sialyltransferase was significantly increased (P < 0.001) in carcinoma specimens compared with normal mucosa. ST3Gal-I mRNA expression was significantly increased (P = 0.05) in cases showing invasion of lymph vessels. Expression of ST6GalNAc-II was significantly increased (P = 0.04) in cases with metastases to lymph nodes along the vascular trunk. Moreover, ST6GalNAc-II expression provides an prognostic factor for patient survival (log rank, P = 0.02). In an attempt to study the functional relevance of the glycosyltransferases for TF biosynthesis, SW480 colorectal cells were transfected with each of the enzymes, and cell surface expression of the TF glycotope was examined by flow cytometry. The presence of TF was not altered by transfection of the cells with either sialyltransferase ST3Gal-I or ST3Gal-II. However, successful transfection with core 2 beta1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase led to reduced expression of TF. In contrast, increased cell surface expression of TF was found after ST6GalNAc-II transfection. Thus, expression of TF on the cell surface of SW480 colorectal carcinoma cells depends on the ratio of core 2 beta1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase and ST6GalNAc-II. Earlier immunohistological studies demonstrated that TF is a prognostic factor for patient survival. Our results suggest that sialyltransferase ST6GalNAc-II is of crucial relevance for the prognostic significance of TF.
Keywords:Carbohydrate Sequence, Carbohydrate Tumor-Associated Antigens, Colorectal Neoplasms, Epitopes, Immunohistochemistry, Isoenzymes, Molecular Sequence Data, N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases, Prognosis, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction, Sialyltransferases, Transfection
Source:Cancer Research
ISSN:0008-5472
Publisher:American Association for Cancer Research (U.S.A.)
Volume:61
Number:11
Page Range:4605-4611
Date:1 June 2001
Official Publication:http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/61/11/4605.abstract
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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