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Identification and characterization of novel smoothelin isoforms in vascular smooth muscle

Item Type:Article
Title:Identification and characterization of novel smoothelin isoforms in vascular smooth muscle
Creators Name:Kramer, J. and Quensel, C. and Meding, J. and Cardoso, M.C. and Leonhardt, H.
Abstract:Smoothelin is a cytoskeletal protein specifically expressed in differentiated smooth muscle cells and has been shown to colocalize with smooth muscle alpha actin. In addition to the small smoothelin isoform of 59 kD, we recently identified a large smoothelin isoform of 117 kD. The aim of this study was to identify and characterize novel smoothelin isoforms. The genomic structure and sequence of the smoothelin gene were determined by genomic PCR, RT-PCR and DNA sequencing. Comparison of the cDNA and genomic sequences shows that the small smoothelin isoform is generated by transcription initiation 10 kb downstream of the start site of the large isoform. In addition to the known smoothelin cDNA (c1 isoform) we identified two novel cDNA variants (c2 and c3 isoform) that are generated by alternative splicing within a region, which shows similarity to the spectrin family of F-actin cross-linking proteins. Visceral organs express the c1 form, while the c2 form prevails in well-vascularized tissue as analyzed by RT-PCR. We then generated specific antibodies against the major smoothelin isoforms and could show by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry that the large isoform is specifically expressed in vascular smooth muscle cells, while the small isoform is abundant in visceral smooth muscle. These results strongly suggest that the smoothelin gene contains a vascular and a visceral smooth muscle promoter. The cell-type-specific expression of smoothelin isoforms that are associated with actin filaments may play a role in the modulation of the contractile properties of different smooth muscle cell types.
Keywords:Arteries, Cytoskeleton, Developmental Biology, Smooth Muscle, Smoothelin, Animals, Mice
Source:Journal of Vascular Research
Page Range:120-132
Date:1 January 2001
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1159/000051039
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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