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Gentherapie in der Ophthalmologie. Uebersicht ueber Perspektiven und Moeglichkeiten fuer Erkrankungen der Kornea

Item Type:Review
Title:Gentherapie in der Ophthalmologie. Uebersicht ueber Perspektiven und Moeglichkeiten fuer Erkrankungen der Kornea
Creators Name:Pleyer, U. and Dannowski, H. and Reszka, R. and Volk, H.D. and Hartmann, C. and Ritter, T.
Abstract:Background: Gene therapy has gained increasing attention and a number of ongoing clinical trials have been iniciated. This article provides current perspectives and limitations on gene therapy in ophthalmology. Since a number of comprehensive studies on gene therapy for retinal diseases already exist, we focus attention to the treatment of anterior segment disorders of the eye. Material and methods: We undertook a reference search (DIMDI, PubMed) of articles published between (1989-2000) using the key words cornea, conjunctiva, eye, gene therapy, and keratoplasty. The search was restricted to publications in English, French and German. In addition, we incorporated some results of our recent experiments on cytokine gene transfer to the cornea. Results: Attention to gene therapy in ophthalmology is currently focused on retina and choroidea (40 articles) however, an increasing number of publications includes the cornea (12 articles). The majority of these contributions deals with improvements in the design of gene therapy vectors in particular for targeted application. Conclusions: Gene therapy to the cornea may offer interesting new venues. Currently, insufficient gene transfer technologies and safety concerns prevent the broad application in humans. However, a broad spectrum of applications can be supposed.
Keywords:Cornea, Gene Therapy, Liposomes, Ophthalmology, Viral Vectors
Source:Klinische Monatsblaetter fuer Augenheilkunde
Page Range:140-147
Date:1 January 2001
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2001-13073
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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