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Covalently crosslinked complexes of bovine adrenodoxin with adrenodoxin reductase and cytochrome P450scc. Mass spectrometry and Edman degradation of complexes of the steroidogenic hydroxylase system.

Item Type:Article
Title:Covalently crosslinked complexes of bovine adrenodoxin with adrenodoxin reductase and cytochrome P450scc. Mass spectrometry and Edman degradation of complexes of the steroidogenic hydroxylase system.
Creators Name:Mueller, E.C. and Lapko, A. and Otto, A. and Mueller, J.J. and Ruckpaul, K. and Heinemann, U.
Abstract:NADPH-dependent adrenodoxin reductase, adrenodoxin and several diverse cytochromes P450 constitute the mitochondrial steroid hydroxylase system of vertebrates. During the reaction cycle, adrenodoxin transfers electrons from the FAD of adrenodoxin reductase to the heme iron of the catalytically active cytochrome P450 (P450scc). A shuttle model for adrenodoxin or an organized cluster model of all three components has been discussed to explain electron transfer from adrenodoxin reductase to P450. Here, we characterize new covalent, zero-length crosslinks mediated by 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide between bovine adrenodoxin and adrenodoxin reductase, and between adrenodoxin and P450scc, respectively, which allow to discriminate between the electron transfer models. Using Edman degradation, mass spectrometry and X-ray crystallography a crosslink between adrenodoxin reductase Lys27 and adrenodoxin Asp39 was detected, establishing a secondary polar interaction site between both molecules. No crosslink exists in the primary polar interaction site around the acidic residues Asp76 to Asp79 of adrenodoxin. However, in a covalent complex of adrenodoxin and P450scc, adrenodoxin Asp79 is involved in a crosslink to Lys403 of P450scc. No steroidogenic hydroxylase activity could be detected in an adrenodoxin -P450scc complex/adrenodoxin reductase test system. Because the acidic residues Asp76 and Asp79 belong to the binding site of adrenodoxin to adrenodoxin reductase, as well as to the P450scc, the covalent bond within the adrenodoxin-P450scc complex prevents electron transfer by a putative shuttle mechanism. Thus, chemical cross-linking provides evidence favoring the shuttle model over the cluster model for the steroid hydroxylase system.
Keywords:Adrenodoxin, Adrenodoxin Reductase, Cytochrome P450scc, Electron Transfer, Mass Spectrometry
Source:European Journal of Biochemistry
ISSN:0014-2956
Publisher:Blackwell Publishing (U.K.)
Volume:268
Number:6
Page Range:1837-1843
Date:1 January 2001
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1432-1327.2001.02058.x
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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