Helmholtz Gemeinschaft


The hamster polyomavirus - a brief review of recent knowledge

Item Type:Article
Title:The hamster polyomavirus - a brief review of recent knowledge
Creators Name:Scherneck, S. and Ulrich, R. and Feunteun, J.
Abstract:The hamster polyomavirus (HaPV) was first described in 1967 as a virus associated with skin epithelioma of the Syrian hamster. The tumors appear spontaneously in a hamster colony bred in Berlin-Buch (HaB). Virus particles isolated from skin epitheliomas cause lymphoma and leukemia when injected into newborn hamsters from a distinct colony bred in Potsdam, Germany (HaP). The viral genome has been totally sequenced and the overall genetic organization establishes HaPV as a member of the polyomaviruses. HaPV is a second example of an middle T (MT) antigen encoding polyomavirus and nucleotide sequence homologies designates the mouse polyomavirus (Py) as the closest relative. Lymphomas induced by HaPV in HaP hamsters do not contain virus particles but instead accumulate different amounts of nonrandomly deleted free and/or integrated viral genomes. Transgenic mice produced by microinjection of HaPV DNA into the pronucleus of fertilized eggs of Gat. NMRI mice developed both, epitheliomas and lymphomas. Both tumor types contain extrachromosomal DNA. HaPV DNA was found to replicate in hamster lymphoid and fibroblast cell lines. Fully reproductive cycles could be detected only in GD36 lymphoblastic leukemia cells. HaPV carries the full transforming properties of a polyomavirus in vitro. Immortalization of primary rat cells is essentially carried out by the HaPV large T (LT) antigen and coexpression of HaPV MT and HaPV small T (ST) antigen is required for full transformation of rat fibroblasts. The preferential binding of HaPV MT to c-Fyn, a Src family kinase, has been proposed as a mechanism leading to lymphoid malignancies. Heterologous expression of HaPV-VP1 allowed the formation of virus like particles (VLPs) resembling HaPV particles. The high flexibility of HaPV-VP1 for insertion of foreign peptides offers a broad range of potential applications, especially in vaccine development.
Keywords:Hamster Polyomavirus, Polyomaviruses, Src Family Kinases, Syrian Hamster, Tumor Virus Antigens, Virus Transformation, Virus-Like Particles, Animals, Mice
Source:Virus Genes
Publisher:Kluwer Academic Publishers
Page Range:93-101
Date:1 January 2001
PubMed:View item in PubMed

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Open Access
MDC Library