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Multiple sclerosis associated amino acids of polymorphic regions relevant for the HLA antigen binding are confined to HLA-DR2

Item Type:Article
Title:Multiple sclerosis associated amino acids of polymorphic regions relevant for the HLA antigen binding are confined to HLA-DR2
Creators Name:Zipp, F. and Windemuth, C. and Pankow, H. and Dichgans, J. and Wienker, T.F. and Martin, R. and Mueller, C.
Abstract:Among the candidate genes for multiple sclerosis (MS), the strongest influence is conferred by human leucocyte antigen (HLA) class II genes, in particular the DR2, DQ6, Dw2 haplotype (DRB1*1501, DQA1*0102, DQB1*0602). Similar to other autoimmune diseases it is not clear yet how the presence of a specific HLA-DR or -DQ molecule translates into an increased disease susceptibility. Previous observations by us and others imply a HLA-DR2 dependent propensity of antigen-specific T-cell lines to produce increased amounts of TNF-{alpha}/{beta} as one mechanism how DR2 could contribute to susceptibility. In this article, we investigated the distribution of polymorphic stretches of the DRB1, DQA1, and DQB1 chains known to be relevant for antigen binding, in 66 unrelated patients with relapsing remitting MS and 210 unrelated controls. We found a significant association with disease for the appearance of proline at position 11, arginine at position 13, and alanine at position 71 of HLA-DR{beta}1. Surprisingly, we identified only residues preferentially expressed in the MS group that were related to HLA-DR2. Thus, the contribution of HLA class II to the pathogenesis of MS is not mediated by allele-overlapping antigen binding sites, but is confined to the disease associated HLA allele.
Keywords:Antigen Binding, Autoimmunity, Genetic, HLA, Multiple Sclerosis
Source:Human Immunology
ISSN:0198-8859
Publisher:Elsevier Science Inc (U.S.A.)
Volume:61
Number:10
Page Range:1021-1030
Date:1 October 2000
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0198-8859(00)00173-7
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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