Helmholtz Gemeinschaft

Search
Browse
Statistics
Feeds

mdr1 promoter-driven tumor necrosis factor-alpha expression for a chemotherapy-controllable combined in vivo gene therapy and chemotherapy of tumors

Item Type:Article
Title:mdr1 promoter-driven tumor necrosis factor-alpha expression for a chemotherapy-controllable combined in vivo gene therapy and chemotherapy of tumors
Creators Name:Walther, W. and Stein, U. and Fichtner, I. and Alexander, M. and Shoemaker, R.H. and Schlag, P.M.
Abstract:Cancer gene therapy approaches are often designed as single-agent treatments; however, greater therapeutic effect might be obtained if combined with an established conventional treatment regimen such as chemotherapy. In this context, conditional promoters are useful tools, because they may be induced by therapeutic modalities. The human multidrug resistance gene (mdr1) promoter is inducible by cytostatic drugs and can be employed for the chemotherapy-regulated expression of therapeutic genes. In this in vivo study, the human mdr1 promoter fragment (-207 to + 158) was used for drug- inducible expression of human tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in the vector construct pM3mdr-p-hTNF. The single doxorubicin and vincristine treatment of nude mice xenografted with pM3mdr-p-hTNF-transduced MCF-7 mammary tumors resulted in drug-induced and time-dependent elevation of intratumoral TNF-{alpha} expression at the mRNA and protein level. The highest drug induction was achieved at 2 days after drug application, as reflected by a maximum 25-fold increase in TNF-{alpha} secretion in the tumor. This drug-induced TNF-{alpha} expression is more effective in inhibiting tumor growth compared with the growth of tumors transduced with constitutively TNF-α-expressing vectors in combination with chemotherapy.
Keywords:Chemotherapy, Conditional Vector, Gene Therapy, Inducible Expression, Tumor Necrosis Factor
Source:Cancer Gene Therapy
ISSN:0929-1903
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group (U.K.)
Volume:7
Number:6
Page Range:893-900
Date:1 June 2000
PubMed:View item in PubMed

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Open Access
MDC Library