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Altered mRNA expression of glycosyltransferases in human colorectal carcinomas and liver metastases

Item Type:Article
Title:Altered mRNA expression of glycosyltransferases in human colorectal carcinomas and liver metastases
Creators Name:Petretti, T. and Kemmner, W. and Schulze, B. and Schlag, P.M.
Abstract:BACKGROUND/AIMS: Biosynthesis of carbohydrate structures is tissue specific and developmentally regulated by glycosyltransferases such as fucosyltransferases, sialyltransferases, and N-acetylgluco- saminyltransferases. During carcinogenesis, aberrant glycosylation leads to the development of tumour subpopulations with different adhesion properties. Therefore alterations in glycosyltransferase mRNA expression in colorectal carcinomas were examined by semiquantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). METHODS: Colorectal carcinoma specimens were classified and characterised according to the WHO/UICC system. Expression of fucosyltransferases FT-I, FT-III, FT-IV, FT-V, FT-VI, and FT-VII, sialyltransferases ST3Gal-I, ST3Gal-III, ST3Gal-IV, and ST6Gal-I, beta1,4-galacto- syltransferase, and beta1,6-Nacetylgluco- saminyltransferase V (GNT-V) was screened simultaneously in extracts of 22 homogenised tumour specimens by RT-PCR and compared with corresponding mucosa from each patient. Also 12 adenomas and 17 liver metastases of colorectal carcinomas were examined. RESULTS: GNT-V expression was enhanced in colorectal adenomas (p = 0.039), carcinomas (p<0.001), and liver metastases of colorectal carcinomas (p<0.001). Also, expression of fucosyltransferase FT-IV was increased in colorectal adenomas (p = 0.039) and carcinomas (p<0. 001). In addition, fucosyltransferase FT-I (p<0.001) and sialyltransferases ST6Gal-I (p = 0.004) and ST3Gal-III (p = 0.001) showed increased expression in carcinoma specimens. On the other hand, fucosyltransferase FT-III was less abundantly expressed in carcinomas exhibiting distant metastases (p = 0.046) and in highly invasive tumours (p = 0.041). CONCLUSIONS: Glycosyltransferase mRNA expression is significantly altered in colorectal adenomas and carcinomas isolated from surgical specimens. RT-PCR determination of specific glycosyltransferases may be helpful for earlier detection of carcinomas and for tumour prognosis.
Keywords:Colorectal Carcinoma, Adenomas, Liver, Metastasis, Glycosyltransferases, Tumour Prognosis, mRNA Expression
Publisher:BMJ Publishing Group
Page Range:359-366
Date:March 2000
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1136/gut.46.3.359
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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