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Extracellular acidification decreases the basal motility of cultured mouse microglia via the rearrangement of the actin cytoskeleton

Item Type:Article
Title:Extracellular acidification decreases the basal motility of cultured mouse microglia via the rearrangement of the actin cytoskeleton
Creators Name:Faff, L. and Nolte, C.
Abstract:The present study was undertaken to examine the effect of extracellular pH (pH0) on the locomotor function of murine microglial cells in vitro. We have found that basal motility of microglia, as measured by a computer-assisted video assay, decreased in an acidic, but not in an alkaline environment. Extracellular acidification affected the architecture of F-actin cytoskeleton, inducing bundling of actin and the formation of stress fibers. The change in intracellular pH (pH(i)) resulting from the change in pH0 seems to be a prerequisite for the motility decrease since other means to decrease pH(i), namely Na+-free solution (in the absence of HCO-3) and nigericin-containing solution, mimicked the extracellular acidification. In contrast to its pronounced effect on basal motility of microglial cells, the motility increase, as induced by the chemoattractant complement 5a (C5a), was not affected by the acidic environment. The relationship of pH0 to the locomotor function was also studied in a long-term microchemotaxis assay where microglia migrated within a pH gradient. Intracellular acidification induced by lowering pH0 to 6.0 or removal of Na+ from the assay medium decreased basal microglial cell migration. The C5a-induced chemotactic migration was moderately decreased by the acidic environment. In conclusion, our results suggest that acidification of the microglial extracellular milieu leads to a decrease in pH(i) and thereby reduces the basal microglial motility and C5a-induced chemotaxis via a rearrangement of the cytoskeleton. We would therefore like to speculate that changes in pH(i) constitute an important control mechanism in regulating the locomotor function of microglia in culture and probably also in the intact tissue.
Keywords:Chemotaxis, Cytoskeleton, Microglia, Motility, pH, Animals, Mice
Source:Brain Research
ISSN:0006-8993
Publisher:Elsevier (The Netherlands)
Volume:853
Number:1
Page Range:22-31
Date:17 January 2000
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0006-8993(99)02221-0
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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