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Vertebrate-type and plant-type ferredoxins: Crystal structure comparison and electron transfer pathway modelling

Item Type:Article
Title:Vertebrate-type and plant-type ferredoxins: Crystal structure comparison and electron transfer pathway modelling
Creators Name:Mueller, J.J. and Mueller, A. and Rottmann, M. and Bernhardt, R. and Heinemann, U.
Abstract:Crystallographic analysis of a fully functional, truncated bovine adrenodoxin, Adx(4-108), has revealed the structure of a vertebrate-type [2Fe-2S] ferredoxin at high resolution. Adrenodoxin is involved in steroid hormone biosythesis in adrenal gland mitochondria by transferring electrons from adrenodoxin reductase to different cytochromes P450. Plant-type [2Fe-2S] ferredoxins interact with photosystem I and a diverse set of reductases. A systematic structural comparison of Adx(4-108) with plant-type ferredoxins which share about 20 % sequence identity yields these results. (1) The ferredoxins of both types are partitioned into a large, strictly conserved core domain bearing the [2Fe-2S] cluster and a smaller interaction domain which is structurally different for both subfamilies. (2) In both types, residues involved in interactions with reductase are located at similar positions on the molecular surface and coupled to the [2Fe-2S] cluster via structurally equivalent hydrogen bonds. (3) The accessibility of the [2Fe-2S] cluster differs between Adx(4-108) and the plant-type ferredoxins where a solvent funnel leads from the surface to the cluster. (4) All ferredoxins are negative monopoles with a clear charge separation into two compartments, and all resulting dipoles but one point into a narrow cone located in between the interaction domain and the [2Fe-2S] cluster, possibly controlling predocking movements during interactions with redox partners. (5) Model calculations suggest that FE1 is the origin of electron transfer pathways to the surface in all analyzed [2Fe-2S] ferredoxins and that additional transfer probability for electrons tunneling from the more buried FE2 to the cysteine residue in position 92 of Adx is present in some.
Keywords:Adrenodoxin, Ferredoxin, [2Fe-2S] Cluster, Crystal Structure, Electron Transfer Pathway, Animals, Cattle
Source:Journal of Molecular Biology
ISSN:0022-2836
Publisher:Elsevier (The Netherlands)
Volume:294
Number:2
Page Range:501-513
Date:26 November 1999
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1006/jmbi.1999.3253
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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