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RanBP3 contains an unusual nuclear localization signal that is imported preferentially by importin-alpha3

Item Type:Article
Title:RanBP3 contains an unusual nuclear localization signal that is imported preferentially by importin-alpha3
Creators Name:Welch, K. and Franke, J. and Koehler, M. and Macara, I.G.
Abstract:The full range of sequences that constitute nuclear localization signals (NLSs) remains to be established. Even though the sequence of the classical NLS contains polybasic residues that are recognized by importin-alpha, this import receptor can also bind cargo that contains no recognizable signal, such as STAT1. The situation is further complicated by the existence of six mammalian importin-alpha family members. We report the identification of an unusual type of NLS in human Ran binding protein 3 (RanBP3) that binds preferentially to importin-alpha3. RanBP3 contains a variant Ran binding domain most similar to that found in the yeast protein Yrb2p. Anti-RanBP3 immunofluorescence is predominantly nuclear. Microinjection of glutathione S-transferase-green fluorescent protein-RanBP3 fusions demonstrated that a region at the N terminus is essential and sufficient for nuclear localization. Deletion analysis further mapped the signal sequence to residues 40 to 57. This signal resembles the NLSs of c-Myc and Pho4p. However, several residues essential for import via the c-Myc NLS are unnecessary in the RanBP3 NLS. RanBP3 NLS-mediated import was blocked by competitive inhibitors of importin-alpha or importin-beta or by the absence of importin-alpha. Binding assays using recombinant importin-alpha1, -alpha3, -alpha4, -alpha5, and -alpha7 revealed a preferential interaction of the RanBP3 NLS with importin-alpha3 and -alpha4, in contrast to the simian virus 40 T-antigen NLS, which interacted to similar extents with all of the isoforms. Nuclear import of the RanBP3 NLS was most efficient in the presence of importin-alpha3. These results demonstrate that members of the importin-alpha family possess distinct preferences for certain NLS sequences and that the NLS consensus sequence is broader than was hitherto suspected.
Keywords:Binding Sites, Carrier Proteins, Cell Line, Cell Nucleus, Cricetinae, Karyopherins, Nuclear Localization Signals, Nuclear Proteins, Nucleocytoplasmic Transport Proteins, Protein Isoforms, Animals
Source:Molecular and Cellular Biology
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology
Page Range:8400-8411
Date:December 1999
Official Publication:http://mcb.asm.org/cgi/content/abstract/19/12/8400
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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