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A role for beta2 integrins (CD11/CD18) in the regulation of cytokine gene expression of polymorphonuclear neutrophils during the inflammatory response

Official URL:http://www.fasebj.org/cgi/content/abstract/13/13/1855
PubMed:View item in PubMed
Creators Name:Walzog, B. and Weinmann, P. and Jeblonski, F. and Scharffetter-Kochanek, K. and Bommert, K. and Gaehtgens, P.
Journal Title:FASEB Journal
Journal Abbreviation:FASEB J
Page Range:1855-1865
Date:October 1999
Keywords:Inflammation, Adhesion, Host Defense, Interleukin 8, Interleukin 1, Animals, Mice
Abstract:Growing evidence supports the idea that adhesion via beta(2) integrins not only allows cellular targeting, but also induces intracellular signaling, which in turn activates functional responses of adherent cells. This study investigates whether beta(2) integrin-mediated adhesion of human polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) has a functional impact on cytokine production. Aggregation of the beta(2) integrin Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18) by antibody cross-linking was found to induce substantial de novo synthesis of IL-8 mRNA as measured by semiquantitative RT-PCR and Northern blotting technique, respectively. Induction of IL-8 mRNA was also observed upon adhesion of PMN to immobilized fibrinogen, a functional equivalent of its clotting product fibrin that serves as a native ligand of Mac-1. Results were confirmed using PMN derived from CD18-deficient mice, which were unable to produce MIP-2 mRNA, a homologue of human IL-8, in the presence of immobilized fibrinogen. In contrast, a substantial increase of MIP-2 mRNA was observed when wild-type PMN were incubated on immobilized fibrinogen. In human PMN, ELISA technique showed that the gene activation that required tyrosine kinase activity resulted in a substantial production and secretion of biologically active IL-8 and IL-1beta. In contrast, no TNF-alpha or IL-6 production was found, revealing that beta(2) integrins mediate differential expression of proinflammatory cytokines. The biological relevance of the present findings was confirmed in an in vivo model of acute inflammation. Altogether, the present findings provide evidence for a functional link between clotting and inflammatory responses that may contribute to the recruitment and/or activation of PMN and other cells at sites of lesion.
Publisher:Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (U.S.A.)
Item Type:Article

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