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Reconstitution of mammary gland development in vitro: Requirement of c-met and c-erbB2 signaling for branching and alveolar morphogenesis

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Item Type:Review
Title:Reconstitution of mammary gland development in vitro: Requirement of c-met and c-erbB2 signaling for branching and alveolar morphogenesis
Creators Name:Niemann, C. and Brinkmann, V. and Spitzer, E. and Hartmann, G. and Sachs, M. and Naundorf, H. and Birchmeier, W.
Abstract:We have established a cell culture system that reproduces morphogenic processes in the developing mammary gland. EpH4 mouse mammary epithelial cells cultured in matrigel form branched tubules in the presence of hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF), the ligand of the c-met tyrosine kinase receptor. In contrast, alveolar structures are formed in the presence of neuregulin, a ligand of c-erbB tyrosine kinase receptors. These distinct morphogenic responses can also be observed with selected human mammary carcinoma tissue in explant culture. HGF/SF-induced branching was abrogated by the PI3 kinase inhibitors wortmannin and LY294002. In contrast, neuregulin- induced alveolar morphogenesis was inhibited by the MAPK kinase inhibitor PD98059. The c-met-mediated response could also be evoked by transfection of a c-met specific substrate, Gab1, which can activate the PI3 kinase pathway. An activated hybrid receptor that contained the intracellular domain of c-erbB2 receptor suffices to induce alveolar morphogenesis, and was observed in the presence of tyrosine residues Y1028, Y1144, Y1201, and Y1226/27 in the substrate-binding domain of c-erbB2. Our data demonstrate that c-met and c-erbB2 signaling elicit distinct morphogenic programs in mammary epithelial cells: formation of branched tubules relies on a pathway involving PI3 kinase, whereas alveolar morphogenesis requires MAPK kinase.
Keywords:Development of Mammary Gland, Hepatocyte Growth Factor, Neuregulin, PI3 Kinase, MAPK Kinase, Animals, Mice
Source:Journal of Cell Biology
Publisher:Rockefeller University Press
Page Range:533-545
Date:19 October 1998
Additional Information:Copyright (c) 1998 by The Rockefeller University Press
Official Publication:http://jcb.rupress.org/cgi/content/abstract/143/2/533
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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