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Biochemical engineering of neural cell surfaces by the synthetic N-Propanoyl-substituted neuraminic acid precursor

Item Type:Article
Title:Biochemical engineering of neural cell surfaces by the synthetic N-Propanoyl-substituted neuraminic acid precursor
Creators Name:Schmidt, C. and Stehling, P. and Schnitzer, J. and Reutter, W. and Horstkorte, R.
Abstract:Sialylation of glycoproteins and glycolipids plays an important role during development, regeneration, and pathogenesis of diseases. During times of intense plasticity within the nervous system, such as development and regeneration, sialylation of neural cells is distinct from the time of its maintenance. In this study, a synthetic precursor of neuraminic acid, N-propanoylmannosamine (N-propanoyl neuraminic acid precursor (P-NAP)), is applied to the culture medium of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells, microglia, astrocytes, and neurons from neonatal rat brains to alter sialylation of glycoconjugates within these cells. P-NAP is metabolized and incorporated as N-propanoyl neuraminic acid into glycoproteins of the cell membrane. P-NAP stimulates the proliferation of astrocytes and microglia but not of oligodendrocyte progenitor in vitro. However, P-NAP increases the number of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells expressing the early oligodendroglial surface marker A2B5 epitope. In the presence of P-NAP, cerebellar neurons (but not astrocytes) in microexplant cultures start to express the oligodendroglial progenitor marker A2B5 epitope, which is normally undetectable on these cells. The controls, which were performed in the absence of any additive or in the presence of the physiological precursor of neuraminic acid, N-acetylmannosamine, did not show any increase in A2B5 expression.
Keywords:Cultured Cells, Gangliosides, Hexosamines, Neuroglia, Oligodendroglia, Protein Engineering, Stem Cells, Surface Properties, Animals, Rats
Source:Journal of Biological Chemistry
Publisher:American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Page Range:19146-19152
Date:24 July 1998
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.273.30.19146
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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