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Refined mapping of the epilepsy susceptibility locus EJM1 on chromosome 6

Item Type:Article
Title:Refined mapping of the epilepsy susceptibility locus EJM1 on chromosome 6
Creators Name:Sander, T. and Bockenkamp, B. and Hildmann, T. and Blasczyk, R. and Kretz, R. and Wienker, T.F. and Volz, A. and Schmitz, B. and Beckmannagetta, G. and Riess, O. and Epplen, J.T. and Janz, D. and Ziegler, A.
Abstract:Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is a genetically determined common subtype of idiopathic generalized epilepsy. Linkage to the HLA complex on chromosome 6p21.3 and an allelic association with HLA-DR13 and -DQB1 alleles suggest that a susceptibility locus for JME, designated as "EJM1," is located within or near the HLA region. However, further studies revealed controversial results, and genetic heterogeneity has been suspected. The present study was designed to evaluate the validity of the association and linkage findings and to refine the map position of EJM1. Our association analysis showed no significant difference of the frequency of HLA-DR13 carriers in 62 German JME patients compared with that in 77 German controls (X2 = 0.98, df = 1, p = 0.161, one-tailed). Multipoint linkage analysis with use of microsatellite markers from the chromosomal region 6p25-q13 in 29 German families of JME patients provided significant evidence that an epilepsy locus (EJM1) close to the HLA locus confers susceptibility to "idiopathic" generalized seizures (Zmax = 3.27 at theta max = 0.033 centromeric to the HLA-DQ locus), assuming an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance with 70% penetrance. Haplotype analyses revealed key recombinations in five families, which locate EJM1 to the centromeric side of the HLA-DQ locus. This study confirms a causative role of EJM1 in the pathogenesis of idiopathic generalized seizures in the majority of German families of JME patients and refines a candidate region of 10.1 cM in the chromosomal region 6p21 between the flanking loci HLA-DQ and D6S1019. A possible explanation for the current controversial results in families of different populations might be ethnic variation of interfering polygenic effects that could be permissive for heterogeneous susceptibility alleles.
Keywords:Alleles, Chromosome Mapping, Genetic Heterogeneity, Genetic Linkage, Genotype, HLA-DQ Antigens, Microsatellite Repeats, Myoclonic Epilepsies, Pair 6 Human Chromosomes
Publisher:American Academy of Neurology
Page Range:842-847
Date:1 September 1997
Official Publication:http://www.neurology.org/cgi/content/abstract/49/3/842
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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