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Tissue and development specific expression of multiple alternatively spliced transcripts of rat neuronal nitric oxide synthase

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Item Type:Article
Title:Tissue and development specific expression of multiple alternatively spliced transcripts of rat neuronal nitric oxide synthase
Creators Name:Lee, M.A. and Cai, L. and Huebner, N. and Lee, Y.A. and Lindpaintner, K.
Abstract:Nitric oxide (NO) functions as an intercellular messenger and mediates numerous biological functions. Among the three isoforms of NO synthase that produce NO, the ubiquitously expressed neuronal NO synthase (nNOS) is responsible for a large part of NO production, yet its regulation is poorly understood. Recent reports of two alternative spliceforms of nNOS in the mouse and in man have raised the possibility of spatial and temporal modulation of expression. This study demonstrates the existence of at least three transcripts of the rat nNOS gene designated nNOSa, nNOSb, and nNOSc, respectively, with distinct 5' untranslated first exons that arise from alternative splicing to a common second exon. Expression of the alternative transcripts occurs with a high degree of tissue and developmental specificity, as demonstrated by RNase protection assays on multiple tissues from both fetal and adult rats. Furthermore, terminal differentiation of rat pheochromocytoma-derived PC12 cells into neurons is associated with induction of nNOSa, suggesting, likewise, development- and tissue-specific transcriptional control of nNOS isoform expression. Physical mapping using a rat yeast artificial chromosome clone shows that the alternatively spliced first exons 1a, 1b, and 1c are separated by at least 15-60 kb from the downstream coding sequence, with exons 1b and 1c being positioned within 200 bp of each other. These findings provide evidence that the biological activity of nNOS is tightly and specifically regulated by a complex pattern of alternative splicing, indicating that the notion of constitutive expression of this isoform needs to be revised.
Keywords:Nitric Oxide, Nitric Oxide Synthase, Alternative Splicing, Gene Expression, Transcription, Animals, Rats
Source:Journal of Clinical Investigation
ISSN:0021-9738
Publisher:American Society for Clinical Investigation (U.S.A.)
Volume:100
Number:6
Page Range:1507-1512
Date:15 September 1997
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1172/JCI119673
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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