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High human renin hypertension in transgenic rats

Item Type:Article
Title:High human renin hypertension in transgenic rats
Creators Name:Bohlender, J. and Fukamizu, A. and Lippoldt, A. and Nomura, T. and Dietz, R. and Menard, J. and Murakami, K. and Luft, F.C. and Ganten, D.
Abstract:We developed a model of spontaneously high human renin hypertension in the rat by producing two transgenic strains, one for human angiotensinogen with the endogenous promoter and one for human renin with the endogenous promoter. Neither transgenic strain was hypertensive. These strains were then crossed, producing a double transgenic strain. The double transgenic rats, both males and females, developed severe hypertension (mean systolic pressure, 200 mm Hg) and died after a mean of 55 days if untreated. The rats had a human plasma renin concentration of 269 +/- 381 (+/-SD) ng angiotensin I (Ang I)/mL per hour, plasma renin activity of 177 +/- 176 ng Ang I/mL per hour, rat angiotensinogen concentration of 1.49 +/- 1 microgram Ang I/mL, and human angiotensinogen concentration of 78 +/- 39 micrograms Ang I/mL (n = 49). Control rats had plasma renin activity of 3.7 +/- 3.9 ng Ang I/mL per hour and rat angiotensinogen of 1.32 +/- 0.16 micrograms Ang I/mL. Angiotensinogen transgene expression by RNase protection assay was ubiquitously present but most prominent in liver. Renin transgene expression was high in kidney but absent in liver. The rats featured severe cardiac hypertrophy, with increased cross section of cardiomyocytes but little myocardial fibrosis. The kidneys showed atrophic tubules, thickened vessel walls, and increased interstitium. Both the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor lisinopril and the specific human renin inhibitor remikiren lowered blood pressure to normal values. Double transgenic mice have been developed that exhibit features quite similar to those described here; their gene expressions are similar. The specificity of rodent and human renin is similarly documented. Although many elegant physiological studies can now be done in mice, rats nevertheless offer flexibility, particularly in terms of detailed cardiac and renal physiology and pharmacology. We conclude that this double transgenic strain will facilitate simultaneous investigation of genetic and pathophysiological aspects of renin-induced hypertension. The fact that human renin can be studied in the rat is a unique feature of this model.
Keywords:Hypertension, Experimental, Transgenic, Renin, Angiotensin, Hypertrophy, Nephrosclerosis, Animals, Rats
Publisher:American Heart Association
Number:1 Pt 2
Page Range:428-434
Date:1 January 1997
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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