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3D whole heart k-space-based super-resolution cardiac T1 mapping using rotated stacks

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Item Type:Article
Title:3D whole heart k-space-based super-resolution cardiac T1 mapping using rotated stacks
Creators Name:Hufnagel, S. and Schuenke, P. and Schulz-Menger, J. and Schaeffter, T. and Kolbitsch, C.
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: To provide three-dimensional (3D) whole-heart high-resolution isotropic cardiac T1 maps using a k-space-based through-plane super-resolution reconstruction (SRR) with rotated multi-slice stacks. APPROACH: Due to limited SNR and cardiac motion, often only 2D T1 maps with low through-plane resolution (4–8 mm) can be obtained. Previous approaches used SRR to calculate 3D high-resolution isotropic cardiac T1 maps. However, they were limited to the ventricles. The proposed approach acquires rotated stacks in long-axis orientation with high in-plane resolution but low through-plane resolution. This results in radially overlapping stacks from which high-resolution T1 maps of the whole heart are reconstructed using a k-space-based SRR framework considering the complete acquisition model. Cardiac and residual respiratory motion between different breath holds is estimated and incorporated into the reconstruction. The proposed approach was evaluated in simulations and phantom experiments and successfully applied to ten healthy subjects. MAIN RESULTS: 3D T1 maps of the whole heart were obtained in the same acquisition time as previous methods covering only the ventricles. T1 measurements were possible even for small structures, such as the atrial wall. The proposed approach provided accurate (P > 0.4; R(2) > 0.99) and precise T1 values (SD of 64.32 ± 22.77 ms in the proposed approach, 44.73 ± 31.9 ms in the reference). The edge sharpness of the T1 maps was increased by 6.20% and 4.73% in simulation and phantom experiments, respectively. Contrast-to-noise ratios between the septum and blood pool increased by 14.50% in in vivo measurements with a k-space compared to an image-space-based SRR. SIGNIFICANCE: The proposed approach provided whole-heart high-resolution 1.3 mm isotropic T1 maps in an overall acquisition time of approximately three minutes. Small structures, such as the atrial and right ventricular walls, could be visualized in the T1 maps.
Keywords:Super-Resolution, T(1) Mapping, k-Space-Based Reconstruction, Cardiovascular MR, Myocardial Tissue Characterization, Whole-Heart, 3D
Source:Physics in Medicine and Biology
Publisher:IOP Publishing
Page Range:085027
Date:9 April 2024
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6560/ad33b6
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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