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Childhood trauma and somatic and mental illness in adulthood

Item Type:Article
Title:Childhood trauma and somatic and mental illness in adulthood
Creators Name:Klinger-König, J. and Erhardt, A. and Streit, F. and Völker, M.P. and Schulze, M.B and Keil, T. and Fricke, J. and Castell, S. and Klett-Tammen, C.J. and Pischon, T. and Karch, A. and Teismann, H. and Michels, K.B. and Greiser, K.H. and Becher, H. and Karrasch, S. and Ahrens, W. and Meinke-Franze, C. and Schipf, S. and Mikolajczyk, R. and Führer, A. and Brandes, B. and Schmidt, B. and Emmel, C. and Leitzmann, M. and Konzok, J. and Peters, A. and Obi, N. and Brenner, H. and Holleczek, B. and Moreno Velásquez, I. and Deckert, J. and Baune, B.T. and Rietschel, M. and Berger, K. and Grabe, H.J.
Abstract:BACKGROUND: Childhood trauma is associated with somatic and mental illness in adulthood. The strength of the association varies as a function of age, sex, and type of trauma. Pertinent studies to date have mainly focused on individual diseases. In this study, we investigate the association between childhood trauma and a multiplicity of somatic and mental illnesses in adulthood. METHODS: Data from 156 807 NAKO Health Study participants were analyzed by means of logistic regressions, with adjustment for age, sex, years of education, and study site. The Childhood Trauma Screener differentiated between no/minor (n = 115 891) and moderate/severe childhood trauma (n = 40 916). The outcome variables were medical diagnoses of five somatic and two mental health conditions as stated in the clinical history. RESULTS: Persons with childhood trauma were more likely to bear a diagnosis of all of the studied conditions: cancer (odds ratio [OR] = 1.10; 95% confidence interval: [1.05; 1.15]), myocardial infarction (OR = 1.13 [1.03; 1.24]), diabetes (OR = 1.16, [1.10; 1.23]), stroke (OR = 1.35 [1.23; 1.48]), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (OR = 1.45 [1.38; 1.52]), depression (OR = 2.36 [2.29; 2.43]), and anxiety disorders (OR = 2.08 [2.00; 2.17]). All of these associations were stronger in younger persons, regardless of the nature of childhood trauma. Differences between the sexes were observed only for some of these associations. CONCLUSION: Childhood trauma was associated with a higher probability of developing mental as well as somatic illness in adulthood. As childhood trauma is an element of individual history that the victim has little to no control over, and because the illnesses that can arise in adulthood in association with it are a heavy burden on the affected persons and on society, there is a need for research on these associations and for the development of preventive measures.
Keywords:Adverse Childhood Experiences, Anxiety Disorders, Diabetes Mellitus, Mental Disorders
Source:Deutsches Arzteblatt International
Publisher:Deutscher Arzte-Verlag
Page Range:1-8
Date:12 January 2024
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.3238/arztebl.m2023.0225
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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