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Osteopontin is a prognostic circulating biomarker in patients with neuroendocrine neoplasms

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Item Type:Article
Title:Osteopontin is a prognostic circulating biomarker in patients with neuroendocrine neoplasms
Creators Name:Kidess, E. and Giesecke, Y. and Eichhorn, I. and Mohr, R. and Jann, H. and Fischer, C. and Wiedenmann, B. and Roderburg, C. and Tacke, F. and Sigal, M.
Abstract:PURPOSE: Osteopontin (OPN), also called secreted phosphoprotein 1 (SPP1) is a matricellular glycoprotein whose expression is elevated in various types of cancer and which has been shown to be involved in tumorigenesis and metastasis in many malignancies. Its role in neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN) remains to be established. The aim of the study was to analyze plasma concentrations of OPN in patients with NEN and to explore its diagnostic and prognostic value as a clinical biomarker. METHODS: OPN plasma concentrations were measured in a total of 38 patients with histologically proven NEN at three different time points during the course of disease and therapy (at the start of the study, after 3 and 12 months, respectively) as well as in healthy controls. Clinical and imaging data as well as concentrations of Chromogranin A (CgA) and Neuron Specific Enolase (NSE) were assessed. RESULTS: OPN levels were significantly higher in patients with NEN compared to healthy controls. High-grade tumors (grade 3) showed the highest OPN levels. OPN levels were neither different between male and female patients nor between different primary tumor sites. OPN correlated significantly with corresponding NSE levels, while there was no correlation with Chromogranin A. High OPN levels above a cutoff value of 200 ng/ml at initial analysis predicted a worsened prognosis with significantly shorter progression-free survival of patients with NEN, which also held true within the subgroup of well-differentiated G1/G2 tumors. CONCLUSION: Our data indicate that high baseline OPN levels in patients with NEN are predictive of an adverse outcome with shorter progression-free survival, even within the group of well differentiated G1/G2 tumors. Therefore, OPN may be used as a surrogate prognostic biomarker in patients with NEN.
Keywords:Osteopontin, Biomarker, Neuroendocrine Neoplasm, Chromogranin A, Survival
Source:Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Page Range:10925-10933
Date:September 2023
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00432-023-04979-6
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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