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Influence of corticosteroid treatment on CXCR4 expression in DLBCL

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Item Type:Article
Title:Influence of corticosteroid treatment on CXCR4 expression in DLBCL
Creators Name:Martin, S. and Viertl, D. and Janz, A. and Habringer, S. and Keller, U. and Schottelius, M.
Abstract:BACKGROUND: CXCR4-targeted radioligand therapy (RLT) with [(177)Lu]Lu/[(90)Y]Y-PentixaTher has recently evolved as a promising therapeutic option for patients with advanced hematological cancers. Given their advanced disease stage, most patients scheduled for PentixaTher RLT require concomitant or bridging chemotherapy to prevent intermittent tumor progression. These (mostly combination) therapies may cause significant downregulation of tumoral CXCR4 expression, challenging the applicability of PentixaTher RLT. This study therefore aimed at investigating the influence of corticosteroids, a central component of these chemotherapies, on CXCR4 regulation in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). METHODS: Different DLBCL cell lines (Daudi, OCI-LY1, SUDHL-4, -5-, -6 and -8) as well as the human T-cell lymphoma cell line Jurkat were incubated with Dexamethasone (Dex; 0.5 and 5 µM, respectively) and Prednisolone (Pred; 5 and 50 µM, respectively) for different time points (2 h, 24 h). Treatment-induced modulation of cellular CXCR4 surface expression was assessed via flow cytometry (FC) and compared to untreated cells. A radioligand binding assay with [(125)I]CPCR4.3 was performed in parallel using the same cells. To quantify potential corticosteroid treatment effects on tumoral CXCR4 expression in vivo, OCI-LY1 bearing NSG mice were injected 50 µg Dex/mouse i.p. (daily for 6 days). Then, a biodistribution study (1 h p.i.) using [(68)Ga]PentixaTher was performed, and tracer biodistribution in treated (n = 5) vs untreated mice (n = 5) was compared. RESULTS: In the in vitro experiments, a strongly cell line-dependent upregulation of CXCR4 was observed for both Dex and Pred treatment, with negligible differences between the high and low dose. While in Jurkat, Daudi and SUDHL-8 cells, CXCR4 expression remained unchanged, a 1.5- to 3.5-fold increase in CXCR4 cell surface expression was observed for SUDHL-5 < SUDHL-4 /-6 < OCI-LY1 via FC compared to untreated cells. This increase in CXCR4 expression was also reflected in correspondingly enhanced [(125)I]CPCR4.3 accumulation in treated cells, with a linear correlation between FC and radioligand binding data. In vivo, Dex treatment led to a general increase of [(68)Ga]PentixaTher uptake in all organs compared to untreated animals, as a result of a higher tracer concentration in blood. However, we observed an overproportionally enhanced [(68)Ga]PentixaTher uptake in the OCI-LY1 tumors in treated (21.0 ± 5.5%iD/g) vs untreated (9.2 ± 2.8%iD/g) mice, resulting in higher tumor-to-background ratios in the treatment group. CONCLUSION: Overall, corticosteroid treatment (Dex/Pred) consistently induced an upregulation of CXCR4 expression DBLCL cells in vitro, albeit in a very cell line-dependent manner. For the cell line with the most pronounced Dex-induced CXCR4 upregulation, OCI-LY1, the in vitro findings were corroborated by an in vivo biodistribution study. This confirms that at least the corticosteroid component of stabilizing chemotherapy regimens in DLBCL patients prior to [(177)Lu]Lu-PentixaTher RLT does not lead to downregulation of the molecular target CXCR4 and may even have a beneficiary effect. However, further studies are needed to investigate if and to what extent the other commonly used chemotherapeutic agents affect CXCR4 expression on DLBCL to ensure the choice of an appropriate treatment regimen prior to [(177)Lu]Lu/[(90)Y]Y-PentixaTher RLT.
Keywords:CXCR4, Chemokine Receptor Regulation, Cortisol, Corticosteroids, Pentixather, Radioligand Therapy, Animals, Mice
Source:EJNMMI Research
Page Range:40
Date:10 May 2023
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1186/s13550-023-00993-4
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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