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Strikingly conserved gene expression changes of polyamine regulating enzymes among various forms of acute and chronic kidney injury

Item Type:Article
Title:Strikingly conserved gene expression changes of polyamine regulating enzymes among various forms of acute and chronic kidney injury
Creators Name:Sieckmann, T. and Schley, G. and Ögel, N. and Kelterborn, S. and Boivin, F.J. and Fähling, M. and Ashraf, M.I. and Reichel, M. and Vigolo, E. and Hartner, A. and Lichtenberger, F.B. and Breiderhoff, T. and Knauf, F. and Rosenberger, C. and Aigner, F. and Schmidt-Ott, K. and Scholz, H. and Kirschner, K.M.
Abstract:The polyamines spermidine and spermine and their common precursor molecule putrescine are involved in tissue injury and repair. Here, we test the hypothesis that impaired polyamine homeostasis contributes to various kidney pathologies in mice during experimental models of ischemia-reperfusion, transplantation, rhabdomyolysis, cyclosporine treatment, arterial hypertension, diabetes, unilateral ureteral obstruction, high oxalate feeding, and adenine-induced injuries. We found a remarkably similar pattern in most kidney pathologies with reduced expression of enzymes involved in polyamine synthesis together with increased expression of polyamine degrading enzymes. Transcript levels of amine oxidase copper-containing 1 (Aoc1), an enzyme which catalyzes the breakdown of putrescine, were barely detectable by in situ mRNA hybridization in healthy kidneys. Aoc1 was highly expressed upon various experimental kidney injuries resulting in a significant reduction of kidney putrescine content. Kidney levels of spermine were also significantly reduced, whereas spermidine was increased in response to ischemia-reperfusion injury. Increased Aoc1 expression in injured kidneys was mainly accounted for by an Aoc1 isoform that harbors 22 additional amino acids at its N-terminus and shows increased secretion. Mice with germline deletion of Aoc1 and injured kidneys showed no decrease of kidney putrescine content; although, they displayed no overt phenotype, they had fewer tubular casts upon ischemia-reperfusion injury. Hyperosmotic stress stimulated AOC1 expression at the transcriptional and post-transcription levels in metanephric explants and kidney cell lines. AOC1 expression was also significantly enhanced after kidney transplantation in humans. These data demonstrate that the kidneys respond to various forms of injury with down-regulation of polyamine synthesis and activation of the polyamine breakdown pathway. Thus, an imbalance in kidney polyamines may contribute to various etiologies of kidney injury.
Keywords:Aoc1, Kidney Injury, mRNA In Situ Hybridization, Osmotic Stress, Polyamines, Putrescine, Animals, Mice
Source:Kidney International
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
Page Range:90-107
Date:July 2023
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.kint.2023.04.005
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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