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Associations of accelerometer-based sedentary bouts with adiposity markers among German adults - results from a cross-sectional study

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Item Type:Article
Title:Associations of accelerometer-based sedentary bouts with adiposity markers among German adults - results from a cross-sectional study
Creators Name:Voigt, L. and Ullrich, A. and Groß, S. and Guertler, D. and Jaeschke, L. and Dörr, M. and van den Berg, N. and John, U. and Ulbricht, S.
Abstract:BACKGROUND: Long periods of uninterrupted sitting, i.e., sedentary bouts, and their relationship with adverse health outcomes have moved into focus of public health recommendations. However, evidence on associations between sedentary bouts and adiposity markers is limited. Our aim was to investigate associations of the daily number of sedentary bouts with waist circumference (WC) and body mass index (BMI) in a sample of middle-aged to older adults. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, data were collected from three different studies that took place in the area of Greifswald, Northern Germany, between 2012 and 2018. In total, 460 adults from the general population aged 40 to 75 years and without known cardiovascular disease wore tri-axial accelerometers (ActiGraph Model GT3X+, Pensacola, FL) on the hip for seven consecutive days. A wear time of ≥ 10 h on ≥ 4 days was required for analyses. WC (cm) and BMI (kg m(-2)) were measured in a standardized way. Separate multilevel mixed-effects linear regression analyses were used to investigate associations of sedentary bouts (1 to 10 min, >10 to 30 min, and >30 min) with WC and BMI. Models were adjusted for potential confounders including sex, age, school education, employment, current smoking, season of data collection, and composition of accelerometer-based time use. RESULTS: Participants (66% females) were on average 57.1 (standard deviation, SD 8.5) years old and 36% had a school education >10 years. The mean number of sedentary bouts per day was 95.1 (SD 25.0) for 1-to-10-minute bouts, 13.3 (SD 3.4) for >10-to-30-minute bouts and 3.5 (SD 1.9) for >30-minute bouts. Mean WC was 91.1 cm (SD 12.3) and mean BMI was 26.9 kg m(-2) (SD 3.8). The daily number of 1-to-10-minute bouts was inversely associated with BMI (b = -0.027; p = 0.047) and the daily number of >30-minute bouts was positively associated with WC (b = 0.330; p = 0.001). All other associations were not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: The findings provide some evidence on favourable associations of short sedentary bouts as well as unfavourable associations of long sedentary bouts with adiposity markers. Our results may contribute to a growing body of literature that can help to define public health recommendations for interrupting prolonged sedentary periods. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Study 1: German Clinical Trials Register (DRKS00010996); study 2: ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT02990039); study 3: ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT03539237).
Keywords:Sedentary Time, Sedentary Breaks, Prolonged Sitting, Sedentary Behaviour Patterns, Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Compositional Data Analysis
Source:BMC Public Health
Publisher:BioMed Central
Page Range:469
Date:10 March 2023
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-023-15304-8
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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