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Single-cell transcriptomics for the assessment of cardiac disease

Item Type:Review
Title:Single-cell transcriptomics for the assessment of cardiac disease
Creators Name:Miranda, A.M.A. and Janbandhu, V. and Maatz, H. and Kanemaru, K. and Cranley, J. and Teichmann, S.A. and Huebner, N. and Schneider, M.D. and Harvey, R.P. and Noseda, M.
Abstract:Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death globally. An advanced understanding of cardiovascular disease mechanisms is required to improve therapeutic strategies and patient risk stratification. State-of-the-art, large-scale, single-cell and single-nucleus transcriptomics facilitate the exploration of the cardiac cellular landscape at an unprecedented level, beyond its descriptive features, and can further our understanding of the mechanisms of disease and guide functional studies. In this Review, we provide an overview of the technical challenges in the experimental design of single-cell and single-nucleus transcriptomics studies, as well as a discussion of the type of inferences that can be made from the data derived from these studies. Furthermore, we describe novel findings derived from transcriptomics studies for each major cardiac cell type in both health and disease, and from development to adulthood. This Review also provides a guide to interpreting the exhaustive list of newly identified cardiac cell types and states, and highlights the consensus and discordances in annotation, indicating an urgent need for standardization. We describe advanced applications such as integration of single-cell data with spatial transcriptomics to map genes and cells on tissue and define cellular microenvironments that regulate homeostasis and disease progression. Finally, we discuss current and future translational and clinical implications of novel transcriptomics approaches, and provide an outlook of how these technologies will change the way we diagnose and treat heart disease.
Keywords:Cardiovascular Biology, Cell Biology
Source:Nature Reviews Cardiology
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
Page Range:289-308
Date:May 2023
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41569-022-00805-7
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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