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High-fat-diet-evoked disruption of the rat dorsomedial hypothalamic clock can be prevented by restricted nighttime feeding

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Item Type:Article
Title:High-fat-diet-evoked disruption of the rat dorsomedial hypothalamic clock can be prevented by restricted nighttime feeding
Creators Name:Sanetra, A.M. and Acevedo-Ochoa, E. and Chrobok, L. and Jeczmien-Lazur, J.S. and Gawron, E. and Klich, J.D. and Pradel, K. and Lewandowski, M.H.
Abstract:Obesity is a growing health problem for modern society; therefore, it has become extremely important to study not only its negative implications but also its developmental mechanism. Its links to disrupted circadian rhythmicity are indisputable but are still not well studied on the cellular level. Circadian food intake and metabolism are controlled by a set of brain structures referred to as the food-entrainable oscillator, among which the dorsomedial hypothalamus (DMH) seems to be especially heavily affected by diet-induced obesity. In this study, we evaluated the effects of a short-term high-fat diet (HFD) on the physiology of the male rat DMH, with special attention to its day/night changes. Using immunofluorescence and electrophysiology we found that both cFos immunoreactivity and electrical activity rhythms become disrupted after as few as 4 weeks of HFD consumption, so before the onset of excessive weight gain. This indicates that the DMH impairment is a possible factor in obesity development. The DMH cellular activity under an HFD became increased during the non-active daytime, which coincides with a disrupted rhythm in food intake. In order to explore the relationship between them, a separate group of rats underwent time-restricted feeding with access to food only during the nighttime. Such an approach completely abolished the disruptive effects of the HFD on the DMH clock, confirming its dependence on the feeding schedule of the animal. The presented data highlight the importance of a temporally regulated feeding pattern on the physiology of the hypothalamic center for food intake and metabolism regulation, and propose time-restricted feeding as a possible prevention of the circadian dysregulation observed under an HFD.
Keywords:Chronobiology, Metabolism, Time-Restricted Feeding, Obesity, Food-Entrainable Oscillator, Animals, Rats
Page Range:5034
Date:26 November 2022
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14235034
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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