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Identifying prognostic SNPs in clinical cohorts: complementing univariate ynalyses by resampling and multivariable modeling

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Item Type:Article
Title:Identifying prognostic SNPs in clinical cohorts: complementing univariate ynalyses by resampling and multivariable modeling
Creators Name:Hieke, S. and Benner, A. and Schlenk, R.F. and Schumacher, M. and Bullinger, L. and Binder, H.
Abstract:Clinical cohorts with time-to-event endpoints are increasingly characterized by measurements of a number of single nucleotide polymorphisms that is by a magnitude larger than the number of measurements typically considered at the gene level. At the same time, the size of clinical cohorts often is still limited, calling for novel analysis strategies for identifying potentially prognostic SNPs that can help to better characterize disease processes. We propose such a strategy, drawing on univariate testing ideas from epidemiological case-controls studies on the one hand, and multivariable regression techniques as developed for gene expression data on the other hand. In particular, we focus on stable selection of a small set of SNPs and corresponding genes for subsequent validation. For univariate analysis, a permutation-based approach is proposed to test at the gene level. We use regularized multivariable regression models for considering all SNPs simultaneously and selecting a small set of potentially important prognostic SNPs. Stability is judged according to resampling inclusion frequencies for both the univariate and the multivariable approach. The overall strategy is illustrated with data from a cohort of acute myeloid leukemia patients and explored in a simulation study. The multivariable approach is seen to automatically focus on a smaller set of SNPs compared to the univariate approach, roughly in line with blocks of correlated SNPs. This more targeted extraction of SNPs results in more stable selection at the SNP as well as at the gene level. Thus, the multivariable regression approach with resampling provides a perspective in the proposed analysis strategy for SNP data in clinical cohorts highlighting what can be added by regularized regression techniques compared to univariate analyses.
Keywords:Cohort Studies, Multivariate Analysis, Prognosis, Single Nucleotide Polymorphism, Theoretical Models
Source:PLoS ONE
Publisher:Public Library of Science
Page Range:e0155226
Date:May 2016
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0155226
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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