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PRDM3 attenuates pancreatitis and pancreatic tumorigenesis by regulating inflammatory response

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Item Type:Article
Title:PRDM3 attenuates pancreatitis and pancreatic tumorigenesis by regulating inflammatory response
Creators Name:Ye, J. and Huang, A. and Wang, H. and Zhang, A.M.Y. and Huang, X. and Lan, Q. and Sato, T. and Goyama, S. and Kurokawa, M. and Deng, C. and Sander, M. and Schaeffer, D.F. and Li, W. and Kopp, J.L. and Xie, R.
Abstract:Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is associated with metaplastic changes in the pancreas but the transcriptional program underlying these changes is incompletely understood. The zinc finger transcription factor, PRDM3, is lowly expressed in normal pancreatic acini and its expression increases during tumorigenesis. Although PRDM3 promotes proliferation and migration of PDAC cell lines, the role of PRDM3 during tumor initiation from pancreatic acinar cells in vivo is unclear. In this study, we showed that high levels of PRDM3 expression in human pancreas was associated with pancreatitis, and well-differentiated but not poorly differentiated carcinoma. We examined PRDM3 function in pancreatic acinar cells during tumor formation and pancreatitis by inactivating Prdm3 using a conditional allele (Ptf1a(CreER);Prdm3(flox/flox) mice) in the context of oncogenic Kras expression and supraphysiological cerulein injections, respectively. In Prdm3-deficient mice, Kras(G12D)-driven preneoplastic lesions were more abundant and progressed to high-grade precancerous lesions more rapidly. This is consistent with our observations that low levels of PRDM3 in human PDAC was correlated significantly with poorer survival in patient. Moreover, loss of Prdm3 in acinar cells elevated exocrine injury, enhanced immune cell activation and infiltration, and greatly increased acinar-to-ductal cell reprogramming upon cerulein-induced pancreatitis. Whole transcriptome analyses of Prdm3 knockout acini revealed that pathways involved in inflammatory response and Hif-1 signaling were significantly upregulated in Prdm3-depleted acinar cells. Taken together, our results suggest that Prdm3 favors the maintenance of acinar cell homeostasis through modulation of their response to inflammation and oncogenic Kras activation, and thus plays a previously unexpected suppressive role during PDAC initiation.
Keywords:Pancreatic Cancer, Pancreatitis, Animals, Mice
Source:Cell death and disease
Publisher:Springer Nature
Page Range:187
Date:16 March 2020
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41419-020-2371-x
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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