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Senescence and cancer - role and therapeutic opportunities

Item Type:Review
Title:Senescence and cancer - role and therapeutic opportunities
Creators Name:Schmitt, C.A. and Wang, B. and Demaria, M.
Abstract:Cellular senescence is a state of stable, terminal cell cycle arrest associated with various macromolecular changes and a hypersecretory, pro-inflammatory phenotype. Entry of cells into senescence can act as a barrier to tumorigenesis and, thus, could in principle constitute a desired outcome for any anticancer therapy. Paradoxically, studies published in the past decade have demonstrated that, in certain conditions and contexts, malignant and non-malignant cells with lastingly persistent senescence can acquire pro-tumorigenic properties. In this Review, we first discuss the major mechanisms involved in the antitumorigenic functions of senescent cells and then consider the cell-intrinsic and cell-extrinsic factors that participate in their switch towards a tumour-promoting role, providing an overview of major translational and emerging clinical findings. Finally, we comprehensively describe various senolytic and senomorphic therapies and their potential to benefit patients with cancer.
Keywords:Cancer, Cell Biology
Source:Nature Reviews Clinical oncology
ISSN:1759-4774
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
Volume:19
Number:10
Page Range:619–636
Date:October 2022
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41571-022-00668-4
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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