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Nitric oxide metabolites: associations with cardiovascular biomarkers and clinical parameters in patients with HFpEF

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Item Type:Article
Title:Nitric oxide metabolites: associations with cardiovascular biomarkers and clinical parameters in patients with HFpEF
Creators Name:Piatek, K. and Feuerstein, A. and Zach, V. and Rozados da Conceicao, C. and Beblo, A. and Belyavskiy, E. and Pieske-Kraigher, E. and Krannich, A. and Schwedhelm, E. and Hinz, S. and Pieske, B. and Edelmann, F.
Abstract:AIMS: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is one of the most rapidly growing cardiovascular health burden worldwide, but there is still a lack of understanding about the HFpEF pathophysiology. The nitric oxide (NO) signalling pathway has been identified as a potential key element. The aim of our study was to investigate markers of NO metabolism [ l-arginine ( l-Arg), homoarginine (hArg), and asymmetric and symmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA and SDMA)], additional biomarkers [N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), endothelin-1 (ET-1), mid-regional pro-adrenomedullin (MR-proADM), copeptin, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP)], and the endothelial function in an integrated approach focusing on associations with clinical characteristics in patients with HFpEF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy-three patients, prospectively enrolled in the 'German HFpEF Registry', were analysed. Inclusion criteria were left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥ 50%; New York Heart Association functional class ≥ II; elevated levels of NT-proBNP > 125 pg/mL; and at least one additional criterion for structural heart disease or diastolic dysfunction. All patients underwent transthoracic echocardiography, cardiopulmonary exercise testing, and pulse amplitude tonometry (EndoPAT™). Patients were categorized in two groups based on their retrospectively calculated HFA-PEFF score. Serum concentrations of l-Arg, hArg, ADMA, SDMA, NT-proBNP, ET-1, MR-proADM, copeptin, and hsCRP were determined. Patients had a median age of 74 years, 47% were female, and median LVEF was 57%. Fifty-two patients (71%) had an HFA-PEFF score ≥ 5 (definitive HFpEF), and 21 patients (29%) a score of 3 to 4 (risk for HFpEF). Overall biomarker concentrations were 126 ± 32 μmol/L for l-Arg, 1.67 ± 0.55 μmol/L for hArg, 0.74 (0.60;0.85) μmol/L for SDMA, and 0.61 ± 0.10 μmol/L for ADMA. The median reactive hyperaemia index (RHI) was 1.55 (1.38;1.87). SDMA correlated with NT-proBNP (r = 0.291; P = 0.013), ET-1 (r = 0.233; P = 0.047), and copeptin (r = 0.381; P = 0.001). ADMA correlated with ET-1 (r = 0.250; P = 0.033) and hsCRP (r = 0.303; P = 0.009). SDMA was associated with the left atrial volume index (β = 0.332; P = 0.004), also after adjustment for age, sex, and comorbidities. Biomarkers were non-associated with the RHI. A principal component analysis revealed two contrary clusters of biomarkers. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest an impaired NO metabolism as one possible key pathogenic determinant in at least a subgroup of patients with HFpEF. We argue for further evaluation of NO-based therapies. Upcoming studies should clarify whether subgroups of HFpEF patients can take more benefit from therapies that are targeting NO metabolism and pathway.
Keywords:HFpEF, Nitric Oxide, Arginine, SDMA, Endothelial Dysfunction
Source:ESC Heart Failure
Page Range:3961-3972
Date:December 2022
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1002/ehf2.14116
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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