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Autophagy in the renewal, differentiation and homeostasis of immune cells

Item Type:Review
Title:Autophagy in the renewal, differentiation and homeostasis of immune cells
Creators Name:Clarke, A.J. and Simon, A.K.
Abstract:Across all branches of the immune system, the process of autophagy is fundamentally important in cellular development, function and homeostasis. Strikingly, this evolutionarily ancient pathway for intracellular recycling has been adapted to enable a high degree of functional complexity and specialization. However, although the requirement for autophagy in normal immune cell function is clear, the mechanisms involved are much less so and encompass control of metabolism, selective degradation of substrates and organelles and participation in cell survival decisions. We review here the crucial functions of autophagy in controlling the differentiation and homeostasis of multiple immune cell types and discuss the potential mechanisms involved.
Keywords:Autophagy, B-Lymphocytes, Cell Differentiation, Homeostasis, Lymphocytes, Myeloid Cells
Source:Nature Reviews Immunology
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
Page Range:170-183
Date:March 2019
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41577-018-0095-2
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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