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Combination of Wnt/β-catenin targets S100A4 and DKK1 improves prognosis of human colorectal cancer

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Item Type:Article
Title:Combination of Wnt/β-catenin targets S100A4 and DKK1 improves prognosis of human colorectal cancer
Creators Name:Dahlmann, M. and Monks, A. and Harris, E.D. and Kobelt, D. and Osterland, M. and Khaireddine, F. and Herrmann, P. and Kemmner, W. and Burock, S. and Walther, W. and Shoemaker, R.H. and Stein, U.
Abstract:Metastasis is directly linked to colorectal cancer (CRC) patient survival. Wnt signaling through β-catenin plays a key role. Metastasis-inducing S100A4 is a Wnt/β-catenin target gene and a prognostic biomarker for CRC and other cancer types. We aimed to identify S100A4-dependent expression alterations to better understand CRC progression and metastasis for improved patient survival. S100A4-induced transcriptome arrays, confirmatory studies in isogenic CRC cell lines with defined β-catenin genotypes, and functional metastasis studies were performed. S100A4-regulated transcriptome examination revealed the transcriptional cross-regulation of metastasis-inducing S100A4 with Wnt pathway antagonist Dickkopf-1 (DKK1). S100A4 overexpression down-regulated DKK1, S100A4 knock-down increased DKK1. Recombinant DKK1 reduced S100A4 expression and S100A4-mediated cell migration. In xenografted mice, systemic S100A4-shRNA application increased intratumoral DKK1. The inverse correlation of S100A4 and DKK1 was confirmed in five independent publicly available CRC expression datasets. Combinatorial analysis of S100A4 and DKK1 in two additional independent CRC patient cohorts improved prognosis of overall and metastasis-free survival. The newly discovered transcriptional cross-regulation of Wnt target S100A4 and Wnt antagonist DKK1 is predominated by an S100A4-induced Wnt signaling feedback loop, increasing cell motility and metastasis risk. S100A4 and DKK1 combination improves the identification of CRC patients at high risk.
Keywords:S100A4, DKK1, Wnt Signaling, Colorectal Cancer, Patient Survival, Animals, Mice
Page Range:37
Date:22 December 2021
Official Publication:http://doi.org/10.3390/cancers14010037
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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