Helmholtz Gemeinschaft


MLL1 is required for maintenance of intestinal stem cells

PDF (Original Article) - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
[img] Other (Supporting Information)

Item Type:Article
Title:MLL1 is required for maintenance of intestinal stem cells
Creators Name:Goveas, N. and Waskow, C. and Arndt, K. and Heuberger, J. and Zhang, Q. and Alexopoulou, D. and Dahl, A. and Birchmeier, W. and Anastassiadis, K. and Stewart, A.F. and Kranz, A.
Abstract:Epigenetic mechanisms are gatekeepers for the gene expression patterns that establish and maintain cellular identity in mammalian development, stem cells and adult homeostasis. Amongst many epigenetic marks, methylation of histone 3 lysine 4 (H3K4) is one of the most widely conserved and occupies a central position in gene expression. Mixed lineage leukemia 1 (MLL1/KMT2A) is the founding mammalian H3K4 methyltransferase. It was discovered as the causative mutation in early onset leukemia and subsequently found to be required for the establishment of definitive hematopoiesis and the maintenance of adult hematopoietic stem cells. Despite wide expression, the roles of MLL1 in non-hematopoietic tissues remain largely unexplored. To bypass hematopoietic lethality, we used bone marrow transplantation and conditional mutagenesis to discover that the most overt phenotype in adult Mll1-mutant mice is intestinal failure. MLL1 is expressed in intestinal stem cells (ISCs) and transit amplifying (TA) cells but not in the villus. Loss of MLL1 is accompanied by loss of ISCs and a differentiation bias towards the secretory lineage with increased numbers and enlargement of goblet cells. Expression profiling of sorted ISCs revealed that MLL1 is required to promote expression of several definitive intestinal transcription factors including Pitx1, Pitx2, Foxa1, Gata4, Zfp503 and Onecut2, as well as the H3K27me3 binder, Bahcc1. These results were recapitulated using conditional mutagenesis in intestinal organoids. The stem cell niche in the crypt includes ISCs in close association with Paneth cells. Loss of MLL1 from ISCs promoted transcriptional changes in Paneth cells involving metabolic and stress responses. Here we add ISCs to the MLL1 repertoire and observe that all known functions of MLL1 relate to the properties of somatic stem cells, thereby highlighting the suggestion that MLL1 is a master somatic stem cell regulator.
Keywords:Gastrointestinal Tract, Organoids, Paneth Cells, Cell Staining, Immunohistochemistry Techniques, Bone Marrow Transplantation, Gene Expression, Transcription Factors, Animals, Mice
Source:PLoS Genetics
Publisher:Public Library of Science
Page Range:e1009250
Date:3 December 2021
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1009250
PubMed:View item in PubMed
Related to:
https://edoc.mdc-berlin.de/19662Preprint version

Repository Staff Only: item control page


Downloads per month over past year

Open Access
MDC Library