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Patient-specific modeling of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

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Item Type:Article
Title:Patient-specific modeling of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
Creators Name:Thobe, K. and Konrath, F. and Chapuy, B. and Wolf, J.
Abstract:Personalized medicine aims to tailor treatment to patients based on their individual genetic or molecular background. Especially in diseases with a large molecular heterogeneity, such as diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), personalized medicine has the potential to improve outcome and/or to reduce resistance towards treatment. However, integration of patient-specific information into a computational model is challenging and has not been achieved for DLBCL. Here, we developed a computational model describing signaling pathways and expression of critical germinal center markers. The model integrates the regulatory mechanism of the signaling and gene expression network and covers more than 50 components, many carrying genetic lesions common in DLBCL. Using clinical and genomic data of 164 primary DLBCL patients, we implemented mutations, structural variants and copy number alterations as perturbations in the model using the CoLoMoTo notebook. Leveraging patient-specific genotypes and simulation of the expression of marker genes in specific germinal center conditions allows us to predict the consequence of the modeled pathways for each patient. Finally, besides modeling how genetic perturbations alter physiological signaling, we also predicted for each patient model the effect of rational inhibitors, such as Ibrutinib, that are currently discussed as possible DLBCL treatments, showing patient-dependent variations in effectiveness and synergies.
Keywords:Cancer, Patient-Specific Treatment, Personalized Medicine, Logical Modeling, DLBCL, Signaling Networks
Page Range:1655
Date:10 November 2021
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines9111655
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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